David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Informal Logic 30 (1):34-61 (2010)
We contend that it is possible to argue reasonably for and against arguments from classifications and definitions, provided they are seen as defeasible (subject to exceptions and critical questioning). Arguments from classification of the most common sorts are shown to be based on defeasible reasoning of various kinds represented by patterns of logical reasoning called defeasible argumentation schemes. We show how such schemes can be identified with heuristics, or short-cut solutions to a problem. We examine a variety of arguments of this sort, including argument from abductive classification, argument from causal classification, argument from analogy-based classification and arguments from classification based on generalizations
|Keywords||inference classifications argumentation schemes common knowledge|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Fabrizio Macagno & Aikaterini Konstantinidou (2013). What Students' Arguments Can Tell Us: Using Argumentation Schemes in Science Education. [REVIEW] Argumentation 27 (3):225-243.
Similar books and articles
Fabrizio Macagno & Douglas Walton (2008). The Argumentative Structure of Persuasive Definitions. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 11 (5):525 - 549.
Sangeet Khemlani, Sarah-Jane Leslie & Sam Glucksberg (2012). Inferences About Members of Kinds: The Generics Hypothesis. Language and Cognitive Processes 27:887-900.
Heath White (2006). Desires in Practical Reasoning. Philosophical Studies 129 (2):197 - 221.
Michael Rathjen (1996). Monotone Inductive Definitions in Explicit Mathematics. Journal of Symbolic Logic 61 (1):125-146.
Douglas Walton (2011). Defeasible Reasoning and Informal Fallacies. Synthese 179 (3):377 - 407.
Ernst Mayr (1995). Systems of Ordering Data. Biology and Philosophy 10 (4):419-434.
John L. Pollock (1991). Self-Defeating Arguments. Minds and Machines 1 (4):367-392.
Gavril Acalugaritei (1990). Correspondences Between Classifications and Between Classes of Entities in Molecular Genetics. Acta Biotheoretica 38 (2):103-111.
Michael Huemer (2001). The Problem of Defeasible Justification. Erkenntnis 54 (3):375-397.
G. Aldo Antonelli (2005). Grounded Consequence for Defeasible Logic. Cambridge University Press.
Robert L. Causey (1991). The Epistemic Basis of Defeasible Reasoning. Minds and Machines 1 (4):437-458.
Douglas Walton (2006). Rules for Reasoning From Knowledge and Lack of Knowledge. Philosophia 34 (3):355-376.
Added to index2011-01-24
Total downloads86 ( #48,096 of 1,796,271 )
Recent downloads (6 months)38 ( #22,237 of 1,796,271 )
How can I increase my downloads?