Knowledge laundering: Testimony and sensitive invariantism

Analysis 65 (286):132–138 (2005)
According to “sensitive invariantism,” the word “know” expresses the same relation in every context of use, but what it takes to stand in this relation to a proposition can vary with the subject’s circumstances. Sensitive invariantism looks like an attractive reconciliation of invariantism and contextualism. However, it is incompatible with a widely-held view about the way knowledge is transmitted through testimony. If both views were true, someone whose evidence for p fell short of what was required for knowledge in her circumstances could come to know that p simply by feeding her evidence to someone in less demanding circumstances and then accepting his testimony.
Keywords knowledge  subject sensitive invariantism  testimony
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DOI 10.1111/j.1467-8284.2005.00538.x
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References found in this work BETA
Tyler Burge (1993). Content Preservation. Philosophical Review 102 (4):457-488.
Timothy Williamson (1996). Knowing and Asserting. Philosophical Review 105 (4):489.

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Stephen Wright (2016). Circular Testimony. Philosophical Studies 173 (8):2029-2048.

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