Libertarian Agency and Rational Morality: Action-Theoretic Objections to Gauthier's Dispositional Soution of the Compliance Problem
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Southern Journal of Philosophy 26 (4):499-525 (1988)
David Gauthier thinks agents facing a prisoner's dilemma ('pd') should find it rational to dispose themselves to co-operate with those inclined to reciprocate (i.e., to acquire a constrained maximizer--'cm'--disposition), and to co-operate with other 'cmers'. Richmond Campbell argues that since dominance reasoning shows it remains to the agent's advantage to defect, his co-operation is only rational if cm "determines" him to co-operate, forcing him not to cheat. I argue that if cm "forces" the agent to co-operate, he is not acting at all, never mind rationally. Thus, neither author has shown that co-operation is rational action in a pd.
|Keywords||prisoners dilemma preference revision constrained maximization free will David Gauthier|
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References found in this work BETA
David P. Gauthier (1986). Morals by Agreement. Oxford University Press.
Donald Davidson (1963). Actions, Reasons, and Causes. Journal of Philosophy 60 (23):685-700.
Myles Brand (1987). Intending and Acting: Toward a Naturalized Action Theory. Journal of Philosophy 84 (1):49-54.
Richmond Campbell (1988). Moral Justification and Freedom. Journal of Philosophy 85 (4):192-213.
Richmond Campbell (1988). Review: Gauthier's Theory of Morals by Agreement. [REVIEW] Philosophical Quarterly 38 (152):343 - 364.
Citations of this work BETA
Joe Mintoff (2000). Is Rational and Voluntary Constraint Possible? Dialogue 39 (02):339-.
Eric M. Cave (1996). The Individual Rationality of Maintaining a Sense of Justice. Theory and Decision 41 (3):229-256.
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