David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Dialogue 30 (1991):3-32 (1991)
I argue that Gauthier's constrained-maximizer rationality is problematic. But standard Maximizing Rationality means one's preferences are only rational if it would not maximize on them to adopt new ones. In the Prisoner's Dilemma, it maximizes to adopt conditionally cooperative preferences. (These are detailed, with a view to avoiding problems of circularity of definition.) Morality then maximizes. I distinguish the roles played in rational choices and their bases by preferences, dispositions, moral and rational principles, the aim of rational action, and rational decision rules. I argue that Maximizing Rationality necessarily structures conclusive reasons for action. Thus conations of any sort can base rational choices only if the conations are structured like a coherent preference function; rational actions maximize on such functions. Maximization-constraining dispositions cannot integrate into a coherent preference function.
|Keywords||rationality preferences David Gauthier Constrained Maximization Prisoners Dilemma preference revision why be moral?|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Ishtiyaque Haji (1992). Evolution, Altruism, and the Prisoner's Dilemma. Biology and Philosophy 7 (2):161-175.
Joe Mintoff (2000). Is Rational and Voluntary Constraint Possible? Dialogue 39 (02):339-.
Eric M. Cave (1996). The Individual Rationality of Maintaining a Sense of Justice. Theory and Decision 41 (3):229-256.
Eric M. Cave (1998). Habituation and Rational Preference Revision. Dialogue 37 (02):219-.
Similar books and articles
Daniel John Zizzo (2008). Anger and Economic Rationality. Journal of Economic Methodology 15 (2):147-167.
Duncan Macintosh (1993). Persons and the Satisfaction of Preferences: Problems in the Rational Kinematics of Values. Journal of Philosophy 90 (4):163-180.
Christopher W. Morris & Arthur Ripstein (eds.) (2001). Practical Rationality and Preference: Essays for David Gauthier. Cambridge University Press.
J. David Velleman (1993). The Story of Rational Action. Philosophical Topics 21 (1):229-254.
Duncan MacIntosh (1989). Two Gauthiers? Dialogue 28 (01):43-.
Duncan MacIntosh (1991). McClennen's Early Co-Operative Solution to the Prisoner's Dilemma. Southern Journal of Philosophy 29 (3):341-358.
Duncan MacIntosh (1998). Categorically Rational Preferences and the Structure of Morality. In Peter Danielson (ed.), Modeling Rationality, Morality and Evolution; Vancouver Studies in Cognitive Science, Volume 7. Oxford
Duncan MacIntosh (1991). Retaliation Rationalized: Gauthier's Solution to the Deterrence Dilemma. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 72 (1):9-32.
Duncan Macintosh (1991). Co-Operative Solutions to the Prisoner's Dilemma. Philosophical Studies 64 (3):309 - 321.
Added to index2010-06-27
Total downloads132 ( #28,670 of 1,907,521 )
Recent downloads (6 months)29 ( #25,426 of 1,907,521 )
How can I increase my downloads?