David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 20 (2):161-179 (1999)
Guidelines for Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) or research ethics committees exist at national and international levels. These guidelines are based on ethical principles and establish an internationally acceptable standard for the review and conduct of medical research. Having attained a multinational consensus about what these fundamental guidelines should be, IRBs are left to interpret the guidelines and devise their own means of implementing them. Individual and community values bear on the interpretation of the guidelines so different IRBs attain different levels of effectiveness. In the Caribbean and Pan American regions there are few IRBs. Obstacles to the establishment and function of IRBs are exacerbated in developing regions like these by differences in language, literacy, and local value systems; education, administrative expertise, facilities, and access to information are also limited. A regional IRB network might facilitate more uniform ethical review in developing countries, and simplify IRB procedures.
|Keywords||ethical guidelines institutional review boards developing countries Caribbean Pan American international research ethics human experimentation|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Merryn Ekberg (2012). Reassessing the Role of the Biomedical Research Ethics Committee. Journal of Academic Ethics 10 (4):335-352.
Similar books and articles
David Hunter, Tis but a Scratch: The Human Tissue Act and the Use of Tissue for Research, Issues for Research Ethics Committees.
Laura Jeanine Morris Stark (2012). Behind Closed Doors: Irbs and the Making of Ethical Research. The University of Chicago Press.
Dennis John Mazur (2007). Evaluating the Science and Ethics of Research on Humans: A Guide for Irb Members. Johns Hopkins University Press.
Robert L. Klitzman, Kelly Kleinert, Hoda Rifai-Bashjawish & L. E. U. Shiung (2011). The Reporting of Irb Review in Journal Articles Presenting Hiv Research Conducted in the Developing World. Developing World Bioethics 11 (3):161-169.
Dannie Di Tillio-Gonzalez Ruth L. Fischbach (2008). Harmonizing Regulations for Biomedical Research: A Critical Analysis of the Us and Venezuelan Systems. Developing World Bioethics 8 (3):167-177.
Aceme Nyika, Wenceslaus Kilama, Godfrey B. Tangwa, Roma Chilengi & Paulina Tindana (2009). Capacity Building of Ethics Review Committees Across Africa Based on the Results of a Comprehensive Needs Assessment Survey. Developing World Bioethics 9 (3):149-156.
Robert Klitzman (2011). Views and Experiences of IRBs Concerning Research Integrity. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 39 (3):513-528.
Daniel R. Ilgen & Bradford S. Bell (2001). Conducting Industrial and Organizational Psychological Research: Institutional Review of Research in Work Organizations. Ethics and Behavior 11 (4):395 – 412.
Michael Owen (2006). Conflict and Convergence: The Ethics Review of Action Research. [REVIEW] Journal of Academic Ethics 4 (1-4):61-75.
Raymond De Vries, Debra A. DeBruin & Andrew Goodgame (2004). Ethics Review of Social, Behavioral, and Economic Research: Where Should We Go From Here'. Ethics and Behavior 14 (4):351 – 368.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads13 ( #222,663 of 1,780,974 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #291,797 of 1,780,974 )
How can I increase my downloads?