David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (4):499-511 (1998)
The species-specific organizational property of speech is a continual mouth open-close alternation, the two phases of which are subject to continual articulatory modulation. The cycle constitutes the syllable, and the open and closed phases are segments framescontent displays that are prominent in many nonhuman primates. The new role of Broca's area and its surround in human vocal communication may have derived from its evolutionary history as the main cortical center for the control of ingestive processes. The frame and content components of speech may have subsequently evolved separate realizations within two general purpose primate motor control systems: (1) a motivation-related medial system, including anterior cingulate cortex and the supplementary motor area, for self-generated behavior, formerly responsible for ancestral vocalization control and now also responsible for frames, and (2) a lateral system, including Broca's area and surround, and Wernicke's area, specialized for response to external input (and therefore the emergent vocal learning capacity) and more responsible for content
|Keywords||Broca's aphasia chewing consonants lipsmacks speech evolution syllables supplementary motor area vowels Wernicke's aphasia|
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Morten H. Christiansen & Nick Chater (2008). Language as Shaped by the Brain. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (5):489-509.
Morten H. Christiansen & Simon Kirby (2003). Language Evolution: Consensus and Controversies. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (7):300-307.
Ina Bornkessel-Schlesewsky, Matthias Schlesewsky, Steven L. Small & Josef P. Rauschecker (2015). Neurobiological Roots of Language in Primate Audition: Common Computational Properties. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (3):142-150.
Asif A. Ghazanfar & Daniel Y. Takahashi (2014). The Evolution of Speech: Vision, Rhythm, Cooperation. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (10):543-553.
W. Tecumseh Fitch (2000). The Evolution of Speech: A Comparative Review. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (7):258-267.
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