David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
In Susan Sherwin & Peter Schotch (eds.), Engaged Philosophy: Essays in Honour of David Braybrooke. University of Toronto Press (2007)
David Braybrooke argues that meeting people’s needs ought to be the primary goal of social policy. But he then faces the problem of how to deal with the fact that our most pressing needs, needs to be kept alive with resource-draining medical technology, threaten to exhaust our resources for meeting all other needs. I consider several solutions to this problem, eventually suggesting that the need to be kept alive is no different in kind from needs to fulfill various projects, and that needs may have a structure similar to rights, with people’s legitimate needs serving as constraints on each other’s entitlements to resources. This affords a set of axioms constraining possible needs. Further, if, as Braybrooke thinks, needs are created by communities approving projects, so that the means to prosecute the projects then come to count as needs, then communities are obliged to approve only projects that are co-feasible given the world’s finite resources. The result is that it can be legitimate not to funnel resources towards endless life-prolongation projects.
|Keywords||needs entitlements distributive justice rights Braybrooke utilitarianism wellfare resources social contract utility monster|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
David Braybrooke (1980). Our Natural Bodies, Our Social Rights: Comments on Wheeler. Noûs 14 (2):195-202.
David Braybrooke (1987). Social Contract Theory's Fanciest Flight. Ethics 97 (4):750-764.
Thomas Schramme (2007). The Significance of the Concept of Disease for Justice in Health Care. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28 (2):121-135.
Jeremy Waldron (2005). Nozick and Locke: Filling the Space of Rights. Social Philosophy and Policy 22 (1):81-110.
Linda Barclay (2010). Disability, Respect and Justice. Journal of Applied Philosophy 27 (2):154-171.
Rodney G. Peffer, What is to Be Distributed? The Paideia Project.
David Braybrooke (1976). The Insoluble Problem of the Social Contract. Dialogue 15 (01):3-37.
Gillian Brock (1996). Justice and Needs. Dialogue 35 (01):81-.
Gillian Brock (1994). Braybrooke on Needs. Ethics 104 (4):811-823.
Added to index2010-06-22
Total downloads71 ( #24,585 of 1,410,271 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #38,287 of 1,410,271 )
How can I increase my downloads?