David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Informal Logic 31 (4):368-394 (2011)
The force and the deceptive nature of the fallacy of equivocation lies in its dialectical nature. The speaker redefines a word in order to classify a fragment of reality, while the hearer draws a conclusion based on the ordinary meaning of such a classification. This difference between the interlocutors’ meanings is grounded on a crucial epistemic gap: how is it possible to know our hearer’s mind, and his knowledge of the words we used? Building on Hamblin’s account of equivocation, the speaker’s meaning and the manipulative strategies based on redefinitions can be explained as the conclusion of an implicit reasoning based on a presumption of ordinary meaning.
|Keywords||interpretation presumption redefinition dialectical strategies, persuasion argumentation schemes, burden of proof equivocation|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
David Godden & Douglas Walton (2007). A Theory of Presumption for Everyday Argumentation. Pragmatics and Cognition 15 (2):313-346.
Fabrizio Macagno (2012). Reconstructing and Assessing the Conditions of Meaningfulness. An Argumentative Approach to Presupposition. In H. Ribeiro (ed.), Inside Arguments: Logic and the Study of Argumentation. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. 247--268.
Imran Aijaz, Jonathan McKeown-Green & Aness Webster (2013). Burdens of Proof and the Case for Unevenness. Argumentation 27 (3):259-282.
Douglas Walton (2008). A Dialogical Theory of Presumption. Artificial Intelligence and Law 16 (2):209-243.
Thomas F. Gordon, Henry Prakken & Douglas N. Walton (2007). The Carneades Model of Argument and Burden of Proof. Artificial Intelligence 171 (10-15):875-896.
F. Macagno (2010). Dialectical and Heuristic Arguments: Presumptions and Burden of Proof. In C. Tindale & C. Reed (eds.), Dialectics, Dialogue and Argumentation: An Examination of Douglas Walton's Theories of Reasoning and Argument. College Publications.
Bart Verheij (2003). Dialectical Argumentation with Argumentation Schemes: An Approach to Legal Logic. [REVIEW] Artificial Intelligence and Law 11 (2-3):167-195.
Fabrizio Macagno (2012). Presumptive Reasoning in Interpretation. Implicatures and Conflicts of Presumptions. Argumentation 26 (2):233-265.
Douglas Walton (2012). Computational Dialectic and Rhetorical Invention. AI and Society 26 (1):2011.
Fabrizio Macagno & Aikaterini Konstantinidou (2013). What Students' Arguments Can Tell Us: Using Argumentation Schemes in Science Education. [REVIEW] Argumentation 27 (3):225-243.
Fabrizio Macagno & Douglas Walton (2008). The Argumentative Structure of Persuasive Definitions. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 11 (5):525 - 549.
Juha Räikkä (1997). Burden of Proof Rules in Social Criticism. Argumentation 11 (4):463-477.
Anthony Ellis (2010). War Crimes, Punishment and the Burden of Proof. Res Publica 16 (2):181-196.
Added to index2011-11-30
Total downloads52 ( #30,157 of 1,098,815 )
Recent downloads (6 months)9 ( #22,190 of 1,098,815 )
How can I increase my downloads?