David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Sociological Theory 6 (2):131-152 (1988)
Prominent neo-Marxists have recently acknowledged longstanding criticisms of Marx's labor theory of value as at best a cumbersome and redundant price model but continue to variously defend the doctrine as an interpretation of historically observed class conflict between exploiters and exploited. This essay counters that value theory also fails badly as a "labor theory of exploitation." The fundamental flaw is the canonical premise that labor alone is productive, with normative implications closer to the entrepreneurial work ethic than to socialist standards of distributive justice. The essay then identifies an alternative theory of exploitation implied by Marx's earlier writings on alienation but obscured by his later association of exploitation with surplus value. What capital appropriates is not "surplus value" produced by labor, but the capacity to produce it, creating asymmetric interdependence within the division of labor. Exploitation arises in the mediation of this interdependence through the exchange of commodities
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
G. A. Cohen (1983). More on Exploitation and the Labour Theory of Value. Inquiry 26 (3):309 – 331.
Justin K. Schwartz (1995). In Defence of Exploitation. Economics and Philosophy 11 (2):275--307.
Mario Sáenz (2007). Living Labor in Marx. Radical Philosophy Review 10 (1):1-31.
Donald C. Lee (1982). Toward a Marxian Ecological Ethic: A Response to Two Critics. Environmental Ethics 4 (4):339-343.
Paresh Chattopadhyay (1998). Value and Exploitation: Marx's Problem and Skillman's Solution. Science and Society 62 (2):218 - 240.
Murray E. G. Smith (1993). Productivity, Valorization and Crisis: Socially Necessary Unproductive Labor in Contemporary Capitalism. Science and Society 57 (3):262 - 293.
Greg Godels (1997). Marx, Engels, and the Idea of Exploitation. Nature, Society, and Thought 10 (4):509--522.
Nancy Holmstrom (1983). Marx and Cohen on Exploitation and the Labor Theory of Value. Inquiry 26 (3):287 – 307.
Gilbert L. Skillman (1996). Marxian Value Theory and the Labor — Labor Power Distinction. Science and Society 60 (4):427 - 451.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads6 ( #302,951 of 1,699,588 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #206,271 of 1,699,588 )
How can I increase my downloads?