Who Owns Me: Me Or My Mother? How To Escape Okin's Problem For Nozick's And Narveson's Theory Of Entitlement
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
In Malcolm Murray (ed.), Liberty, Games And Contracts: Jan Narveson And The Defense Of Libertarianism. Ashgate (2007)
Susan Okin read Robert Nozick as taking it to be fundamental to his Libertarianism that people own themselves, and that they can acquire entitlement to other things by making them. But she thinks that, since mothers make people, all people must then be owned by their mothers, a consequence Okin finds absurd. She sees no way for Nozick to make a principled exception to the idea that people own what they make when what they make is people, concluding that Nozick’s theory of entitlement must be false, and that entitlement must instead be rooted in people’s needs. I say Okin misreads Nozick’s Libertarianism. In fact, its fundamental principle is that, simply by being persons, people are entitled to the maximum negative liberty compatible with a like liberty for all persons. Further, Nozick, and Jan Narveson, who has taken on the advocacy of Libertarian ideas, analyze liberty as freedom to interact with things, and analyze being entitled to or having property in something, as freedom to interact with it, to determine what may be done with it. People therefore have such freedom to do what they want with themselves, and such freedom to do what they want with other things, as is compatible with all persons having similar freedom. The former is what self-ownership amounts to, the latter, ownership of other things. Libertarianism’s fundamental principle therefore both grounds and delimits entitlements in ways entailing that mothers don’t own persons by dint of making them. Otherwise, since it would then be the prerogative of mothers to determine what shall be done with the persons they made, the persons made would lack equal liberty, this violating the fundamental principle.
|Keywords||Jan Narveson Robert Nozick Libertarianism Self-Ownership Children Rights Entitlement Okin Negative Liberty|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Adrian Bardon (2000). From Nozick to Welfare Rights: Self‐Ownership, Property, and Moral Desert. Critical Review 14 (4):481-501.
Simon A. Hailwood (2000). Why "Business's Nastier Friends" Should Not Be Libertarians. Journal of Business Ethics 24 (1):77 - 86.
Allan Gibbard (2011). Narveson on Liberty and Equality. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 25 (2):249-258.
Kevin Currie-Knight (2011). Review of Narveson and Sterba's Are Liberty and Equality Compatible? [REVIEW] Libertarian Papers 3.
Eric Mack (2002). Self-Ownership, Marxism, and Egalitarianism: Part I: Challenges to Historical Entitlement. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 1 (1):75-108.
Jan Narveson (1998). Libertarianism Vs. Marxism: Reflections on G. A. Cohen's Self-Ownership, Freedom and Equality. [REVIEW] Journal of Ethics 2 (1):1-26.
Peter Vallentyne (2011). Equal Negative Liberty and Welfare Rights. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 25 (2):237-41.
David Sobel (2012). Backing Away From Libertarian Self-Ownership. Ethics 123 (1):32-60.
John T. Sanders (2007). Contracting Justice. In Malcolm Murray (ed.), Liberty, Games, and Contracts: Jan Narveson and the Defence of Libertarianism. Ashgate
Malcolm Murray (ed.) (2007). Liberty, Games And Contracts: Jan Narveson And The Defense Of Libertarianism. Ashgate.
Tristan Rogers (2010). Self-Ownership, World-Ownership, and Initial Acquisition. Libertarian Papers 2.
Randy Barnett (1977). Whither Anarchy? Has Robert Nozick Justified the State? Journal of Libertarian Studies 1 (1):15-21.
David Lewis Schaefer (2007). Procedural Versus Substantive Justice: Rawls and Nozick. Social Philosophy and Policy 24 (1):164-186.
Robert S. Taylor (2005). Self-Ownership and the Limits of Libertarianism. Social Theory and Practice 31 (4):465-482.
Added to index2010-11-28
Total downloads143 ( #26,183 of 1,906,958 )
Recent downloads (6 months)46 ( #14,402 of 1,906,958 )
How can I increase my downloads?