Fabbriche della vita. La critica ecofemminista alle tecniche riproduttive artificiali

Ragion Pratica: Rivista semestrale 37 (2):417-442 (2011)
The technological control of female bodies and the bio-political control of artificial reproduction have become central issues within feminist philosophical thinking, becoming an obligatory point of reference toward deepening the conceptual, political, social and symbolic connection between women's bodies and assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs). In this essay, my attention will be focused primarily on eco-feminist theses that firmly oppose the diffusion of assisted reproductive technologies and the legitimization of «pregnancy contracts». According to the «resistance eco-feminists», (those against ARTs), the process of assisted reproduction does not expand procreative rights, does not free women from infertility, nor does it enable them to truly experience of motherhood. Behind the therapeutic paradigm within which reproductive technologies justify themselves, there hides a bio-power that has refined the tools necessary in order to wrest control of the reproductive experience from women. The colonization of women thusly proceeds along with the colonization of nature and life. The selection of fertile elements involves the biological-genetic and social dissection of living organisms, be they plants or animals: the woman, sectioned and fragmented, becomes a composite human being, a «dividual» being rather than an individual.
Keywords Ecofeminism, Reproduction, Surrogacy, Woman-Nature Question, Biocapital
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