Biology and Philosophy 12 (1):21-38 (1996)
|Abstract||Approaching science by considering the epistemological virtues which scientists see as constitutive of good science, and the way these virtues trade-off against one another, makes it possible to capture action that may be lost by approaches which focus on either the theoretical or institutional level. Following Wimsatt (1984) I use the notion of heuristics and biases to help explore a case study from the history of biology. Early in the 20th century, mutation theorists and natural historians fought over the role that isolation plays in evolution. This debate was principally about whether replication was the central scientific virtue (and hence the ultimate goal of science to replace non-experimental evidence with experimental evidence) or whether consilience of inductions was the central virtue (and hence, as many kinds of evidence as possible should be pursued).|
|Keywords||speciation isolation heuristics biases replication consilience of inductions|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Yechiel Klar & Uzi Levi (2004). Not Just a Passion for Negativity. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):349-349.
Daniel Kahneman, Paul Slovic & Amos Tversky (eds.) (1982). Judgment Under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases. Cambridge University Press.
David C. Funder (2000). Gone with the Wind: Individual Differences in Heuristics and Biases Undermine the Implication of Systematic Irrationality. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):673-674.
Mark Alfano (2011). Explaining Away Intuitions About Traits: Why Virtue Ethics Seems Plausible (Even If It Isn't). Review of Philosophy and Psychology 2 (1):121-136.
Ernst Mayr (2007). What Makes Biology Unique?: Considerations on the Autonomy of a Scientific Discipline. Cambridge University Press.
Thomas Sturm (2012). The “Rationality Wars” in Psychology: Where They Are and Where They Could Go. Inquiry 55 (1):66-81.
Edward Stein & Peter Lipton (1989). Where Guesses Come From: Evolutionary Epistemology and the Anomaly of Guided Variation. Biology and Philosophy 4 (1):33-56.
Kim J. Vicente (2000). Is Science an Evolutionay Process? Evidence From Miscitation of the Scientific Literature. Perspectives on Science 8 (1):53-69.
Ralph Hertwig & Annika Wallin (2004). Out of the Theoretical Cul-de-Sac. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):342-343.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads12 ( #101,123 of 722,813 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #60,541 of 722,813 )
How can I increase my downloads?