David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Social Philosophy Today 19:79-87 (2003)
In this paper I discuss one possible extension of Richard Lewontin’s proposal in The Triple Helix. After reviewing the theoretical commitments common to discussions that assume we will be able to compute an organism from its genes, I turn to Lewontin’s arguments that we will never be able to compute phenotype from genotype because the genotype specifies an organism’s phenotype relative to a range of environments. The focus of the discussion in this paper, however, is on what might follow if we take seriously the claim that genetic structure does not determine phenotypic structure. The question is: What becomes causally efficacious in an explanation of the development of a heritable trait if genes are not sufficient? Any answer to this question, and even the question itself, is central to an understanding of the types of relations and structures into which humans enter and which they create in an environment
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Barry Smith & Achille C. Varzi (2002). Surrounding Space. Theory in Biosciences 121:139-162.
Simona Cabib & Stefano Puglisi-Allegra (1999). Of Genes, Environment, and Destiny. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (3):519-520.
J. Scott Turner (2004). Extended Phenotypes and Extended Organisms. Biology and Philosophy 19 (3):327-352.
José-Leonel Torres & Lynn Trainor (2008). On Organism: Environment Buffers and Their Ecological Significance. Biology and Philosophy 23 (3):403-416.
Omri Tal (2009). From Heritability to Probability. Biology and Philosophy 24 (1):81-105.
Wim J. van der Steen (1998). Bias in Behaviour Genetics: An Ecological Perspective. Acta Biotheoretica 46 (4).
Trudy Kanner (2003). Richard Lewontin. 2001. The Triple Helix: Gene, Organism, and Environment. American Journal of Bioethics 3 (1):1 – 2.
Kathryn S. Plaisance, Thomas A. C. Reydon & Mehmet Elgin (2012). Why the (Gene) Counting Argument Fails in the Massive Modularity Debate: The Need for Understanding Gene Concepts and Genotype-Phenotype Relationships. Philosophical Psychology 25 (6):873-892.
John Dupré (2004). Understanding Contemporary Genomics. Perspectives on Science 12 (3):320-338.
Richard Lewontin, The Genotype/Phenotype Distinction. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Henry C. Byerly & Richard E. Michod (1991). Fitness and Evolutionary Explanation. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 6 (1):45-53.
Marshall Abrams (2009). What Determines Biological Fitness? The Problem of the Reference Environment. Synthese 166 (1):21 - 40.
Carl Schlichting & Massimo Pigliucci (1995). Gene Regulation, Quantitative Genetics and the Evolution of Reaction Norms. Evolutionary Ecology 9:154-168.
Added to index2011-12-02
Total downloads3 ( #290,439 of 1,098,967 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #287,052 of 1,098,967 )
How can I increase my downloads?