David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Inquiry 20 (1-4):403 – 417 (1977)
An exposition of Spinoza's views of the cause and cure of death. He holds death to be disruption of mind/body which need not involve becoming a corpse; amnesia counts. It follows that his criterion of personal identity includes memory, so Spinozistic immortality is impersonal. The cause of death is always something external, for nothing can destroy itself. (This principle, however, is not universally true; Spinoza was led to it by mistaken physics.) Suicide is irrational. Fear of death is to be overcome by realization that since adequate ideas are eternal, to the extent that they consitute our minds we are eternal also. (But if so, isn't suicide rational after all? And since language depends on memory, the eternal understanding of adequate ideas is non-linguistic and non-symbolic; what then can it be?).
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References found in this work BETA
E. M. Curley (1969). Spinoza's Metaphysics: An Essay in Interpretation. Cambridge, Harvard University Press.
A. E. Wardman & J. L. Creed (1966). The Philosophy of Aristotle. Philosophy 41 (158):368-369.
Citations of this work BETA
Ezequiel A. Di Paolo (2005). Autopoiesis, Adaptivity, Teleology, Agency. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 4 (4):429-452.
Steven Nadler (forthcoming). Spinoza on Lying and Suicide. British Journal for the History of Philosophy:1-22.
Jason Waller (2009). Spinoza on the Incoherence of Self-Destruction. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 17 (3):487 – 503.
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