The embodied mind: On computational, evolutionary, and philosophical interpretations of cognition

Synthesis Philosophica 2 (40):389-406 (2005)
Modern cognitive science cannot be understood without recent developments in computer science, artificial intelligence , robotics, neuroscience, biology, linguistics, and psychology. Classic analytic philosophy as well as traditional AI assumed that all kinds of knowledge must eplicitly be represented by formal or programming languages. This assumption is in contradiction to recent insights into the biology of evolution and developmental psychology of the human organism. Most of our knowledge is implicit and unconscious. It is not formally represented, but embodied knowledge which is learnt by doing and understood by bodily interacting with ecological niches and social environments. That is true not only for low-level skills, but even for high-level domains of categorization, language, and abstract thinking. Embodied cognitive science, AI, and robotics try to build the embodied mind in an artificial evolution. From a philosophical point of view, it is amazing that the new ideas of embodied mind and robotics have deep roots in 20th-century philosophy
Keywords Artificial Intelligence  Cognition  Embodiment  Evolution  Metaphysics  Mind
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