David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophical Studies 132 (2):161-190 (2007)
Hybrid accounts of folk psychology maintain that we sometimes theorize and sometimes simulate in order to understand others. An important question is why this is the case. In this paper, I present a view according to which simulation, but not theory, plays a central role in empathy. In contrast to others taking a similar approach to simulation, I do not focus on empathy’s cognitive aspect, but stress its affective-motivational one. Simulating others’ emotions usually engages our motivations altruistically. By vicariously feeling what others are feeling, we directly come to be motivated by their projects and concerns. Simulation contrasts with more theoretical approaches to psychological attribution that help us understand and explan others, but that do not move us altruistically. This helps us see why we would posit two different folk psychological approaches instead of merely one
|Keywords||SIMULATION EMPATHY EMOTION FUNCTIONALISM|
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References found in this work BETA
T. Nagel (1970). Possibility of Altruism. Princeton University Press.
Alvin I. Goldman (1992). Empathy, Mind, and Morals. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 66 (3):17 - 41.
David Hume (1975). Enquiries Concerning Human Understanding and Concerning the Principles of Morals. OUP Oxford.
Citations of this work BETA
Heidi L. Maibom (2008). The Mad, the Bad, and the Psychopath. Neuroethics 1 (3):167-184.
Catrin Misselhorn (2009). Empathy with Inanimate Objects and the Uncanny Valley. Minds and Machines 19 (3):345-359.
Meghan Masto (2015). Empathy and Its Role in Morality. Southern Journal of Philosophy 53 (1):74-96.
Heidi Maibom (2010). What Experimental Evidence Shows Us About the Role of Emotions in Moral Judgement. Philosophy Compass 5 (11):999-1012.
John Protevi & Roger Pippin (2008). Affect, Agency and Responsibility: The Act of Killing in the Age of Cyborgs. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 7 (3):405-413.
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