David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Argumentation 25 (3):371-384 (2011)
This article addresses the problem of expertise in a democratic political system: the tension between the authority of expertise and the democratic values that guide political life. We argue that for certain problems, expertise needs to be understood as a dialogical process, and we conceptualize an understanding of expertise through and as argument that positions expertise as constituted by and a function of democratic values and practices, rather than in the possession of, acquisition of, or relationship to epistemic materials. Conceptualizing expertise through argument leads us to see expertise as a kind of phronetic practice, oriented toward judgments and problems, characterized by its ability to provide inventional capacities for selecting the best possible resolution of a particular problem vis-à-vis particular expectations regarding the resolution of a problem. At its core, expertise thus comes to exist in reference not to epistemic but to dialogical, deliberative, democratic practice
|Keywords||Expertise Deliberation Democracy Argument Phronesis Problem|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Amy Gutmann (1996). Democracy and Disagreement. Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
Jürgen Habermas (1984). The Theory of Communicative Action, Vol. 1, 'Reason and the Rationalization of Society'. Polity..
Ulrich Beck, Mark Ritter & Jennifer Brown (1993). Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity. Environmental Values 2 (4):367-368.
John S. Dryzek (2002). Deliberative Democracy and Beyond. Liberals, Critics, Contestations (G. Brock). Philosophical Books 43 (2):165-166.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Zoltan P. Majdik & William M. Keith (2011). The Problem of Pluralistic Expertise: A Wittgensteinian Approach to the Rhetorical Basis of Expertise. Social Epistemology 25 (3):275 - 290.
Bruce D. Weinstein (1994). The Possibility of Ethical Expertise. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 15 (1):1-187.
Bruce D. Weinstein (1993). What is an Expert? Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 14 (1).
Stephen Turner (2001). What is the Problem with Experts? Social Studies of Science 31 (1):123-149.
Vanessa J. Clarke Koen Lamberts (1997). Strategy Shifts and Expertise in Solving Transformation Rule Problems. Thinking and Reasoning 3 (4):271 – 290.
Jason Borenstein (2002). Authenticating Expertise. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 16 (1):85-102.
Harry Collins & Martin Weinel (2011). Transmuted Expertise: How Technical Non-Experts Can Assess Experts and Expertise. [REVIEW] Argumentation 25 (3):401-413.
Justin Tiwald (2012). Xunzi on Moral Expertise. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 11 (3):275-293.
Jimmy Alfonso Licon (2012). Sceptical Thoughts on Philosophical Expertise. Logos and Episteme 3 (3):449-458.
Matthew J. Brown (forthcoming). The Democratic Control of the Scientific Control of Democracy. In Dennis Dieks & Vassilios Karakostas (eds.), Recent Progress in Philosophy of Science: Perspectives and Foundational Problems. Springer
Mark Addis (2013). Linguistic Competence and Expertise. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (2):327-336.
Michael Cholbi (2007). Moral Expertise and the Credentials Problem. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 10 (4):323-334.
Damien Smith Pfister (2011). Networked Expertise in the Era of Many-to-Many Communication: On Wikipedia and Invention. Social Epistemology 25 (3):217 - 231.
Nicolas Bommarito (2010). Rationally Self-Ascribed Anti-Expertise. Philosophical Studies 151 (3):413-19.
Julia Driver (2006). Autonomy and the Asymmetry Problem for Moral Expertise. Philosophical Studies 128 (3):619 - 644.
Added to index2011-07-25
Total downloads27 ( #112,246 of 1,724,748 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #210,951 of 1,724,748 )
How can I increase my downloads?