A critical analysis of the relationship between southern non-government organizations and northern non-government organizations in Bolivia
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Global Ethics 6 (1):45-56 (2011)
This article examines the relationship between southern non-government organizations (SNGOs) and northern non-government organizations (NNGOs) in Bolivia. The term 'partnership' for many years now has been a buzzword within the development debate, particularly in reference to the relationship between SNGOs and NNGOs. The term is ubiquitous in development literature in the North but is invariably absent from similar literature in the South. According to Fowler (1992. Building partnerships between northern and southern development NGOs: Issues for the nineties. Development Journal of the Society for International Development 1: 16-23), 'the distinctive feature of a partnership is that it involves sharing, with a sense of mutuality and equality of the parties involved'. This suggests that a partnership involves associates on an equal footing, within a horizontal structure of mutual respect, where resources are distributed equitably and decisions made jointly. It is also well known that one of the underlying problems of development which emerges not only in the literature but in practice is the unequal relationship between the south and north. I will argue that the relationship between SNGOs and NNGOs continues to be entrenched within a power structure based on western hegemony and a form of neo-colonialism. I will support my argument by highlighting data collected during a research study which was carried out in Bolivia.1 The main findings included that in spite of all the rhetoric which surrounds the topic, the situation has changed very little. SNGOs work by strategic plans but often have to resort to other sectors and activities to take advantage of possible funding opportunities. In relation to accountability, SNGOs are fully aware who they need to be accountable to but tend to prioritize accountability to donors; NNGOs were found to be weak in being accountable to their partners and client groups. There needs to be some clarity of the roles of the NGOs, especially NNGOs, and an analysis of their changing role. Shared values are insufficient on their own to build effective partnerships; obstacles such as the inequitable distribution of resources and unequal power relations hinder effective partnerships. Finally, in reality, partnerships between SNGOs and NNGOs rarely exist in the true sense of the word. This unequal relationship between SNGOs and NNGOs translates into an underlying problem of development; how the dichotomy of the south and north can be destructive and counterproductive to effective development
|Keywords||Southern Non-government organizations Northern Non-government organizations Bolivia Partnership Inequality Accountability|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Carmen Valor & Amparo MerinoDiego (2009). Relationship of Business and Ngos: An Empirical Analysis of Strategies and Mediators of Their Private Relationship. Business Ethics 18 (2):110-126.
Laura Albareda, Josep M. Lozano, Antonio Tencati, Atle Midttun & Francesco Perrini (2008). The Changing Role of Governments in Corporate Social Responsibility: Drivers and Responses. Business Ethics 17 (4):347-363.
Bernard I. Logan (1989). Government Expenditures on Imported Inputs and the Goals of Food Self-Sufficiency and Food Security in the Southern African Development Co-Ordination Conference. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 2 (3):191-207.
Matt Baillie Smith (2008). International Non-Governmental Development Organizations and Their Northern Constituencies: Development Education, Dialogue and Democracy. Journal of Global Ethics 4 (1):5 – 18.
Jehan Loza (2004). Business–Community Partnerships: The Case for Community Organization Capacity Building. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 53 (3):297-311.
Rae André (2010). Assessing the Accountability of Government-Sponsored Enterprises and Quangos. Journal of Business Ethics 97 (2):271 - 289.
Melanie Rein & Leda Stott (2009). Working Together: Critical Perspectives on Six Cross-Sector Partnerships in Southern Africa. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 90 (1):79 - 89.
Ananya Mukherjee Reed & Darryl Reed (2009). Partnerships for Development: Four Models of Business Involvement. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 90 (1):3 - 37.
Hester M. Bovenkamp & Margo J. Trappenburg (2011). Government Influence on Patient Organizations. Health Care Analysis 19 (4):329-351.
Added to index2010-08-11
Total downloads10 ( #227,752 of 1,725,191 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #349,103 of 1,725,191 )
How can I increase my downloads?