Illusion and offense in philosophical fragments : Kierkegaard's inversion of Feuerbach's critique of christianity [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 62 (1):43 - 55 (2007)
The article shows the "Appendix" to Søren Kierkegaard's "Philosophical Fragments" to be a response to Ludwig Feuerbach's critique of Christianity. While previous studies have detected some influence by Feuerbach on Kierkegaard, they have so far discovered little in the way of specific responses to Feuerbach's ideas in Kierkegaard's published works. The article first makes the historical argument that Kierkegaard was very likely reading Feuerbach's "Essence of Christianity" while he was writing "Philosophical Fragments", as several of Kierkegaard's journal entries from that period discuss Feuerbach in relation to central ideas in "Fragments". The article then shows how Kierkegaard's pseudonym Johannes Climacus inverts Feuerbach's projection theory, turning it against critics like Feuerbach. At the heart of Feuerbach's critique of Christianity is the claim that religion is a conceptual illusion, whereby the individual projects his or her personal limits onto the species and then projects the unlimited onto a supposed divine being. Furthermore, Feuerbach sees Christianity as rife with absurdities that tell against its reasonableness. In exploring a hypothetical transcendent avenue toward the truth, Climacus inverts both of these philosophical moves. He argues that on the transcendent hypothesis, the immanentist critic is himself a victim of an "acoustical illusion": the absolute paradox of the appearance of the god in time is in fact not judged by, but rather judges, the critic as absurd. In inverting and not repudiating Feuerbach's critique, Climacus reveals the critic as a Socratic figure who displays the heights—and ultimately, the limits—of secular philosophy's capabilities
|Keywords||Alienation Feuerbach Illusion Kierkegaard Offense Paradox Projection theory of religion|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
David Emery Mercer (2001). Kierkegaard's Living-Room: The Relation Between Faith and History in Philosophical Fragments. Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
Friedrich Engels (1934/1981). Ludwig Feuerbach and the Outcome of Classical German Philosophy. Ams Press.
Patrick L. Gardiner (1988). Kierkegaard. Oxford University Press.
Peter C. Caldwell (2009). Love, Death, and Revolution in Central Europe: Ludwig Feuerbach, Moses Hess, Louise Dittmar, Richard Wagner. Palgrave Macmillan.
Søren Kierkegaard (1992). Concluding Unscientific Postscript to Philosophical Fragments. Princeton University Press.
Jacek Uglik (2010). Ludwig Feuerbach's Conception of the Religious Alienation of Man and Mikhail Bakunin's Philosophy of Negation. Studies in East European Thought 62 (1):19 - 28.
Ludwig Feuerbach (1881/2008). The Essence of Christianity. Dover Publications.
David A. Duquette (1988). From Disciple to Antagonist. Philosophy and Theology 3 (2):183-199.
Austin Harvevany (1995). Feuerbach and the Interpretation of Religion. Cambridge University Press.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads12 ( #121,478 of 1,096,481 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #62,479 of 1,096,481 )
How can I increase my downloads?