David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Mind 120 (478):263-327 (2011)
It is commonly held that our intuitive judgements about imaginary problem cases are justified a priori, if and when they are justified at all. In this paper I defend this view — ‘rationalism’ — against a recent objection by Timothy Williamson. I argue that his objection fails on multiple grounds, but the reasons why it fails are instructive. Williamson argues from a claim about the semantics of intuitive judgements, to a claim about their psychological underpinnings, to the denial of rationalism. I argue that the psychological claim — that a capacity for mental simulation explains our intuitive judgements — does not, even if true, provide reasons to reject rationalism. (More generally, a simulation hypothesis, about any category of judgements, is very limited in its epistemological implications: it is pitched at a level of explanation that is insensitive to central epistemic distinctions.) I also argue that Williamson’s semantic claim — that intuitive judgements are judgements of counterfactuals — is mistaken; rather, I propose, they are a certain kind of metaphysical possibility judgement. Several other competing proposals are also examined and criticized
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References found in this work BETA
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Citations of this work BETA
John Bengson (2015). The Intellectual Given. Mind 124 (495):707-760.
Max Deutsch (2015). Avner Baz on the ‘Point’ of a Question. Inquiry 58 (7-8):875-894.
Avner Baz (2016). Recent Attempts to Defend the Philosophical Method of Cases and the Linguistic Turn. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 92 (1):105-130.
Brian Weatherson (2014). Running Risks Morally. Philosophical Studies 167 (1):141-163.
Yuri Cath (2012). Evidence and Intuition. Episteme 9 (4):311-328.
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