David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
The Monist 84 (2):265 - 283 (2001)
An association between a pair of variables can consistently be inverted in each subpopulation of a population when the population is partitioned. E.g., a medical treatment can be associated with a higher recovery rate for treated patients compared with the recovery rate for untreated patients; yet, treated male patients and treated female patients can each have lower recovery rates when compared with untreated male patients and untreated female patients. Conversely, higher recovery rates for treated patients in each subpopulation are consistent with a lower recovery rate in the total population when data are aggregated. The arithmetical structures that underlie facts like these support surprising applications of them that invalidate a cluster of arguments that many people, at least initially, take to be intuitively valid. E.g., despite intuitions to the contrary, the following argument is invalid.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Prasanta S. Bandyoapdhyay, Davin Nelson, Mark Greenwood, Gordon Brittan & Jesse Berwald (2011). The Logic of Simpson's Paradox. Synthese 181 (2):185 - 208.
Similar books and articles
Andreas Heinz & Ulrike Kluge (2011). Anthropological and Evolutionary Concepts of Mental Disorders. Journal of Speculative Philosophy 24 (3):292-307.
Sidney M. Greenfield (2009). Our Science is Better Than Yours: Two Decades of Data on Patients Treated by a Kardecist-Spiritist Healing Group in Rio Grande Do Sul. Anthropology of Consciousness 20 (2):101-110.
Felicitas Kraemer (2013). Me, Myself and My Brain Implant: Deep Brain Stimulation Raises Questions of Personal Authenticity and Alienation. Neuroethics 6 (3):483-497.
Haidan Chen & Herbert Gottweis (2013). Stem Cell Treatments in China: Rethinking the Patient Role in the Global Bio‐Economy. Bioethics 27 (4):194-207.
Adil E. Shamoo, Dianne N. Irving & Patricia Langenberg (1997). A Review of Patient Outcomes in Pharmacological Studies From the Psychiatric Literature, 1966–1993. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 3 (4):395-406.
Charles Weijer, Benjamin Freedman, Abraham Fuks, James Robbins, Stanley Shapiro & Myriam Skrutkowska, What Difference Does It Make to Be Treated in a Clinical Trial? A Pilot Study.
F. E. Fox, G. J. Taylor, M. F. Harris, K. J. Rodham, J. Sutton, J. Scott & B. Robinson (2009). "It's Crucial They're Treated as Patients": Ethical Guidance and Empirical Evidence Regarding Treating Doctor-Patients. Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (1):7-11.
Laurent Jeanpierre & François Charpillet (2004). Automated Medical Diagnosis with Fuzzy Stochastic Models: Monitoring Chronic Diseases. Acta Biotheoretica 52 (4):291-311.
Elleke Landeweer, Tineke Abma, Jolijn Santegoeds & Guy Widdershoven (2008). Psychiatry in the Age of Neuroscience: The Impact on Clinical Practice and Lives of Patients. Poiesis and Praxis 6 (1-2):43-55.
Ejgil Jespersen, Anika A. Jordbru & Egil Martinsen (2008). Conversion Gait Disorder—Meeting Patients in Behaviour, Reuniting Body and Mind. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 2 (2):185-199.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads34 ( #58,106 of 1,413,435 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #67,529 of 1,413,435 )
How can I increase my downloads?