The Just War Theory and the Ethical Governance of Research

Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (2):461-486 (2013)
Abstract
This article analyses current trends in and future expectations of nanotechnology and other key enabling technologies for security as well as dual use nanotechnology from the perspective of the ethical Just War Theory (JWT), interpreted as an instrument to increase the threshold for using armed force for solving conflicts. The aim is to investigate the relevance of the JWT to the ethical governance of research. The analysis gives rise to the following results. From the perspective of the JWT, military research should be evaluated with different criteria than research for civil or civil security applications. From a technological perspective, the boundaries between technologies for civil and military applications are fuzzy. Therefore the JWT offers theoretical grounds for making clear distinctions between research for military, civil security and other applications that are not obvious from a purely technological perspective. Different actors bear responsibility for development of the technology than for resorting to armed force for solving conflicts or for use of weapons and military technologies in combat. Different criteria should be used for moral judgment of decisions made by each type of actor in each context. In addition to evaluation of potential consequences of future use of the weapons or military technologies under development, the JWT also prescribes ethical evaluation of the inherent intent and other foreseeable consequences of the development itself of new military technologies
Keywords Just War Theory  Research ethics  Nanotechnology  Emerging technology  Governance
Categories (categorize this paper)
Options
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Revision history Request removal from index
 
Download options
PhilPapers Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy on self-archival     Papers currently archived: 11,412
External links
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library
References found in this work BETA
Alison McIntyre, Doctrine of Double Effect. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Alexander Moseley, Just War Theory. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
David T. Risser, Collective Moral Responsibility. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

View all 8 references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Similar books and articles
Shawn Kaplan (2012). Just War Theory: What Is It Good For? Philosophy in the Contemporary World 19 (2):4-14.
George R. Lucas (2009). Pirates and PMCs. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (1):87-94.
Analytics

Monthly downloads

Added to index

2012-02-28

Total downloads

11 ( #138,953 of 1,103,046 )

Recent downloads (6 months)

4 ( #84,821 of 1,103,046 )

How can I increase my downloads?

My notes
Sign in to use this feature


Discussion
Start a new thread
Order:
There  are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.