David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
World Futures 68 (6):381 - 389 (2012)
During the lengthy and complex process of human evolution our ancestors had to adapt to extremely testing situations in which survival depended on making rapid choices that subjected muscles and the body as a whole to extreme tension. In order to seize a prey traveling at speeds that could reach 36 km per hour Homo sapiens had just thousandths of a second in which to anticipate the right moment and position himself before the prey arrived. He also had to prepare the appropriate gesture, tensing his muscles and overcoming the resistance determined by body weight. While we are no longer faced with an environment that is anything so threatening, our brain continues to use these mechanisms day in day out to save time and energy, enabling us to avoid situations of danger, sense in advance the intentions of an interlocutor, and more besides. In this article we set out to show that our brain is not only a reactive mechanism, capable of reacting quickly to the stimuli that arrive from the external environment, but is above all a pro-active mechanism that allows us to make hypotheses, anticipate the consequences of actions, and formulate expectations: in short, to wrong foot an adversary
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Mauro Maldonato & Silvia Dell’Orco (2011). How to Make Decisions in An Uncertain World: Heuristics, Biases, and Risk Perception. World Futures 67 (8):569 - 577.
Birgitta Dresp (2001). External Regularities and Adaptive Signal Exchanges in the Brain. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (4):663-664.
Romi Nijhawan (2008). Predictive Perceptions, Predictive Actions, and Beyond. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (2):222-239.
Thomas F. M.ü, Antoni Rodriguez-Fornells nte & Marta Kutas (1999). One, Two, or Many Mechanisms? The Brain's Processing of Complex Words. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (6):1031-1032.
Walter Lowen (2003). Survival From the Brain's Perspective. World Futures 59 (3 & 4):169 – 172.
Rouven Porz & Guy Widdershoven (2011). Predictive Testing and Existential Absurdity: Resonances Between Experiences Around Genetic Diagnosis and the Philosophy of Albert Camus. Bioethics 25 (6):342-350.
G. Northoff (2001). “Brain-Paradox” and “Embeddment” – Do We Need a “Philosophy of the Brain”? Brain and Mind 2 (2):195-211.
Michał Tempczyk (1994). Integracja wiedzy o myśleniu i mózgu. Filozofia Nauki 3.
Peter M. Milner (1999). The Autonomous Brain: A Neural Theory of Attention and Learning. L. Erlbaum Associates.
Michael A. Arbib (2005). From Monkey-Like Action Recognition to Human Language: An Evolutionary Framework for Neurolinguistics. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):105-124.
P. Bateson (2001). Design, Development and Decisions. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 32 (4):635-646.
Added to index2012-08-03
Total downloads12 ( #200,583 of 1,725,417 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #349,420 of 1,725,417 )
How can I increase my downloads?