Graduate studies at Western
Review of Philosophy and Psychology 3 (3):351-368 (2012)
|Abstract||For some reason, participants hold agents more responsible for their actions when a situation is described concretely than when the situation is described abstractly. We present examples of this phenomenon, and survey some attempts to explain it. We divide these attempts into two classes: affective theories and cognitive theories. After criticizing both types of theories we advance our novel hypothesis: that people believe that whenever a norm is violated, someone is responsible for it. This belief, along with the familiar workings of cognitive dissonance theory, is enough to not only explain all of the abstract/concrete paradoxes, but also explains seemingly unrelated effects, like the anthropomorphization of malfunctioning inanimate objects.|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Saul Smilansky (2007). 10 Moral Paradoxes. Blackwell Pub..
Saul Smilansky (2007). Moral Paradoxes. Blackwell Pub..
Felipe De Brigard & William Brady (2013). The Effect of What We Think May Happen on Our Judgments of Responsibility. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 4 (2):259-269.
Aviezer Tucker (2003). The Epistemic Significance of Consensus. Inquiry 46 (4):501 – 521.
Daniel A. Kaufman (2002). Composite Objects and the Abstract/Concrete Distinction. Journal of Philosophical Research 27:215-238.
Rachel Tillman (2013). Ethical Embodiment and Moral Reasoning: A Challenge to Peter Singer. Hypatia 28 (1):18-31.
Paul Russell (2004). Responsibility and the Condition of Moral Sense. Philosophical Topics 32 (1-2):287-305.
David C. Noelle (1998). Is the Dynamical Hypothesis Falsifiable? On Unification in Theories of Cognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (5):647-648.
Henry Markovits, Celine Doyon & Michael Simoneau (2002). Individual Differences in Working Memory and Conditional Reasoning with Concrete and Abstract Content. Thinking and Reasoning 8 (2):97 – 107.
Peter Mew (1975). Doubts About Moral Principles. Inquiry 18 (3):289 – 308.
Dustin Tucker & Richmond H. Thomason (2011). Paradoxes of Intensionality. The Review of Symbolic Logic 4 (3):394-411.
Gunnar Björnsson & Karl Persson (2009). Judgments of Moral Responsibility – a Unified Account. In  Society for Philosophy and Psychology, 35th Annual Meeting (Bloomington, IN; June 12-14).
Added to index2012-08-30
Total downloads8 ( #131,868 of 739,398 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #37,288 of 739,398 )
How can I increase my downloads?