Probability, certainty and facts in Francis Bacon's natural histories : a double attitude towards skepticism
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
In Maia Neto, José Raimundo, Gianni Paganini & John Christian Laursen (eds.), Skepticism in the Modern Age: Building on the Work of Richard Popkin. Brill. 123--138 (2009)
Bacon’s project suggests in theory that the obtaining of absolute certain knowledge is possible but in fact such knowledge is revealed to be impossible. Th e description of the human mind on which Bacon’s account is based seems to imply that the impossibility of obtaining absolute certainty does not depend on the contingent historical situation of a preliminary stage of the scientifi c endeavor. Consequently, a gap emerges between the proposed goal of science and the ways to reach it: Bacon tried to obtain absolute certainty but he only could arrive at degrees of certainty and probability both in theories and in facts. Malgrè lui, Bacon shows himself developing in fact a kind of probabilistic science instead of surpassing the limits to knowledge posed by the skeptical arguments. Th at is the reason why many of his followers could develop a mitigated skepticism in the framework of a Baconian science.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Silvia Manzo (2009). Probability and Certainty in Francis Bacon 's Natural Histories. A Double Attitude Toward Skepticism. In Maia Neto, José Raimundo, Gianni Paganini & John Christian Laursen (eds.), Skepticism in the Modern Age: Building on the Work of Richard Popkin. Brill.
Craig Walton (1990). Francis Bacon's Natural Philosophy: A New Source, And: Francis Bacon's Philosophy of Science: An Account and a Reappraisal, And: Science, Faith, and Politics: Francis Bacon and the Utopian Roots of the Modern Age: A Commentary of Bacon's "Advancement of Learning" (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 28 (2):289-293.
Antonio Pérez-Ramos (1988). Francis Bacon's Idea of Science and the Maker's Knowledge Tradition. Oxford University Press.
Igor Douven & Diederik Olders (2008). Unger's Argument for Skepticism Revisited. Theoria 74 (3):239-250.
Jay G. Williams (2008). Absolute Skepticism, Lao Zi and Krishnamurti. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 51:23-29.
Cesare Pastorino (2011). Weighing Experience: Experimental Histories and Francis Bacon's Quantitative Program. Early Science and Medicine 16 (6):542-570.
Herbert Heidelberger (1963). Knowledge, Certainty and Probability. Inquiry 6 (1-4):242 – 250.
B. H. G. Wormald (1993). Francis Bacon: History, Politics, and Science, 1561-1626. Cambridge University Press.
Francis Bacon (1851/2001). The Advancement of Learning. Modern Library.
Francis Bacon (1969). The Works of Francis Bacon. St. Clair Shores, Mich.,Scholarly Press.
Stephen Gaukroger (2001). Francis Bacon and the Transformation of Early-Modern Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
Madeline M. Muntersbjorn (2003). Francis Bacon's Philosophy of Science: Machina Intellectus and Forma Indita. Philosophy of Science 70 (5):1137-1148.
Added to index2010-11-23
Total downloads12 ( #130,189 of 1,102,875 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #84,702 of 1,102,875 )
How can I increase my downloads?