David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Synthese 134 (3):429 - 461 (2003)
The mediaeval logic of Aristotelian privation, represented by Ockham's expositionof All A is non-P as All S is of a type T that is naturally P and no S is P, iscritically evaluated as an account of privative negation. It is argued that there aretwo senses of privative negation: (1) an intensifier (as in subhuman), the dualof Neoplatonic hypernegation (superhuman), which is studied in linguistics asan operator on scalar adjectives, and (2) a (often lexicalized) Boolean complementrelative to the extension of a privative negation in sense (1) (e.g., Brute). Thissecond sense, which is the privative negation discussed in modern linguistics, isshown to be Aristotle's. It is argued that Ockham's exposition fails to capture muchof the logic of Aristotelian privation due to limitations in the expressive power of thesyllogistic.
|Keywords||Philosophy Philosophy Epistemology Logic Metaphysics Philosophy of Language|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Marie la Palme Reyes, John Macnamara, Gonzalo E. Reyes & And Houman Zolfaghari (1994). The Non-Boolean Logic of Natural Language Negation. Philosophia Mathematica 2 (1):45-68.
Ernesto Napoli (2006). Negation. Grazer Philosophische Studien 72 (1):233-252.
Leó Apostel (1973). Negation. Leuven,Nauwelaerts.
Graham Priest (1999). Negation as Cancellation, and Connexive Logic. Topoi 18 (2):141-148.
Dimiter Vakarelov (2005). Nelson's Negation on the Base of Weaker Versions of Intuitionistic Negation. Studia Logica 80 (2-3):393-430.
John N. Martin (2001). Proclus and the Neoplatonic Syllogistic. Journal of Philosophical Logic 30 (3):187-240.
John N. Martin (1995). Existence, Negation, and Abstraction in the Neoplatonic Hierarchy1. History and Philosophy of Logic 16 (2):169-196.
John N. Martin (2002). Lukasiewicz's Many-Valued Logic and Neoplatonic Scalar Modality. History and Philosophy of Logic 23 (2):95-120.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads13 ( #272,650 of 1,907,507 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #341,955 of 1,907,507 )
How can I increase my downloads?