Authorship in a small medical journal: A study of contributorship statements by corresponding authors
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (3):493-502 (2004)
The authorship criteria of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) are widely accepted in biomedical journals, but many studies in large and prestigious journals show that a considerable proportion of authors do not fulfill these criteria. We investigated authorship contributions in a small medical journal outside the scientific mainstream, to see if poor adherence to authorship criteria is common in biomedical journals. We analyzed statements on research contribution, as checked by the corresponding author, for individual authors of 114 research articles, representing 475 authors, submitted to the Croatian Medical Journal (CMJ) from 1999 to 2000. Only 40% of authors fulfilled the ICMJE authorship criteria. The authors listed first on the by-line were more likely to fulfill the authorship criteria than all other authors on the by-line. The percentage of authors fulfilling the ICMJE criteria of authorship decreased with the increase in the number of authors listed on the by-line. These results indicate that poor adherence to ICMJE authorship criteria is poor across biomedical journals, regardless of the size of the scientific community. Authorship and contributorship in biomedical journals, as well as editorial ethical responsibilities towards authorship criteria need critical redefinition and education of both editors and authors.
|Keywords||authorship ethics publications|
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References found in this work BETA
Susan Eastwood, Pamela Derish, Evangeline Leash & Stephen Ordway (1996). Ethical Issues in Biomedical Research: Perceptions and Practices of Postdoctoral Research Fellows Responding to a Survey. Science and Engineering Ethics 2 (1):89-114.
Citations of this work BETA
Barry Bozeman & Jan Youtie (forthcoming). Trouble in Paradise: Problems in Academic Research Co-Authoring. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-27.
Nicholas H. Steneck (2006). Fostering Integrity in Research: Definitions, Current Knowledge, and Future Directions. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (1):53-74.
Elise Smith & Bryn Williams-Jones (2012). Authorship and Responsibility in Health Sciences Research: A Review of Procedures for Fairly Allocating Authorship in Multi-Author Studies. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (2):199-212.
Lucy Carter (2007). A Case for a Duty to Feed the Hungry: GM Plants and the Third World. Science and Engineering Ethics 13 (1):69-82.
Simona Pichini, Marta Pulido & Óscar García-Algar (2005). Authorship in Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals: An Author's Position and its Value. Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (2):173-175.
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