David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Cognitive Science 34 (5):719-751 (2010)
A multimodal person representation contains information about what a person looks like and what a person sounds like. However, little is known about how children form these face-voice mappings. Here, we explored the possibility that two cognitive tools that guide word learning, a one-to-one mapping bias and fast mapping, also guide children’s learning about faces and voices. We taught 4- and 5-year-olds mappings between three individual faces and voices, then presented them with new faces and voices. In Experiment 1, we found that children rapidly learned face-voice mappings from just a few exposures, and furthermore spontaneously mapped novel faces to novel voices using a one-to-one mapping bias (that each face can produce only one voice). In Experiment 2, we found that children’s face-voice representations are abstract, generalizing to novel tokens of a person. In Experiment 3, we found that children retained in memory the face-voice mappings that they had generated via inference (i.e., they showed evidence of fast mapping), and used these newly formed representations to generate further mappings between new faces and voices. These findings suggest that preschoolers’ rapid learning about faces and voices may be aided by biases that are similar to those that support word learning
|Keywords||Voices Social cognition Domain general Person identification Disjunctive syllogism Mutual exclusivity Faces Inference Fast mapping|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
B. Barker & R. Newman (2004). Listen to Your Mother! The Role of Talker Familiarity in Infant Streaming. Cognition 94 (2):B45-B53.
Paul Bloom & Lori Markson (2001). Are There Principles That Apply Only to the Acquisition of Words? A Reply to Waxman and Booth. Cognition 78 (1):89-90.
Salvatore Campanella & Pascal Belin (2007). Integrating Face and Voice in Person Perception. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (12):535-543.
Justin Halberda (2003). The Development of a Word-Learning Strategy. Cognition 87 (1):B23-B34.
Sandra R. Waxman & Amy E. Booth (2000). Principles That Are Invoked in the Acquisition of Words, but Not Facts. Cognition 77 (2):B33-B43.
Citations of this work BETA
Katherine Yoshida, Mijke Rhemtulla & Athena Vouloumanos (2012). Exclusion Constraints Facilitate Statistical Word Learning. Cognitive Science 36 (5):933-947.
Similar books and articles
Michael Tomasello (2001). Could We Please Lose the Mapping Metaphor, Please? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (6):1119-1120.
Jonathan Cole & Henrietta Spalding (2008). The Invisible Smile: Living Without Facial Expression. OUP Oxford.
Paul Bloom (2008). Three- and Four-Year-Olds Spontaneously Use Others' Past Performance to Guide Their Learning. Cognition 107 (3):1018-1034.
Shimon Edelman, Viewpoint Generalization in Face Recognition: The Role of Category-Speci C Processes.
Gregory L. Murphy (2001). Fast-Mapping Children Vs. Slow-Mapping Adults: Assumptions About Words and Concepts in Two Literatures. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (6):1112-1113.
Hjalmar K. Turesson & Asif A. Ghazanfar (2012). Statistical Learning of Social Signals and its Implications for the Social Brain Hypothesis. Interaction Studies 12 (3):397-417.
Added to index2010-08-11
Total downloads10 ( #139,316 of 1,096,517 )
Recent downloads (6 months)7 ( #28,197 of 1,096,517 )
How can I increase my downloads?