David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Sociological Theory 20 (3):360-380 (2002)
A new model of ritual based on Durkheim's ( 1995) theory is developed. It is argued that ritual practices generate belief and belonging in participants by activating multiple social-psychological mechanisms that interactively create the characteristic outcomes of ritual. Specifically, the distinctive elements of ritual practice are shown to induce altered subjective states and effortful and/or anomalous behaviors, which are subsequently misattributed in such a way that belief and belonging are created or maintained around the focus of ritual attention. These processes are traced in detail, and the resulting model is shown to be empirically credible, comprehensive, and theoretically fertile.
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R. Powell & S. Clarke (2012). Religion as an Evolutionary Byproduct: A Critique of the Standard Model. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 63 (3):457-486.
Douglas A. Marshall (2010). Temptation, Tradition, and Taboo: A Theory of Sacralization. Sociological Theory 28 (1):64 - 90.
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