David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Classical Quarterly 35 (01):124- (1985)
The ancient tradition is strong that the execution of M. Marius Gratidianus during the Sullan proscriptions was carried out by L. Sergius Catilina. The earliest evidence comes from several passages in Cicero's speech in toga candida, delivered just before the consular elections in 64 and designed to rake up as much prejudice as possible against his two main rival candidates, Catilina and C. Antonius . While in none of the passages does Cicero specifically mention the executioner or the victim, it is Asconius commenting on the passages who reveals that Catilina was the executioner and Marius Gratidianus the victim. We do not have a great deal of the speech in toga candida left ; if we did have the whole speech, it is clear that we would have been given the name by Cicero himself. The Ciceronian version is that the head of Gratidianus was cut off by Catilina, carried in his hands through the city from the Janiculum to the temple of Apollo, and delivered to Sulla still full of life and breath. This version is followed by Plutarch . A variation can be found, as early as Sallust . There is a fragment of the historiae which says that Gratidianus died after his arms and legs had been broken and his eyes gouged out, so that he expired as it were through each and every limb. There is nothing about his head being cut off and carried about, nor is there any mention of Catilina as the executioner. While the details of the torture and mutilation become progressively more gory, this version is followed by Livy , Valerius Maximus , Lucan , and Florus
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
D. A. Malcolm (1956). The Catiline José Manuel Pabón: C. Salustio Crispo, Catilina y Jugurta. Vol. i: Conjuratión de Catilina. (Collectión Hispánica.) Pp. lxxvii + 97 (double). Barcelona: Ediciones Alma Mater, 1954. Cloth, 90 ptas. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 6 (01):41-42.
J. Carter (1996). Review. Marius. Gaius Marius: A Political Biography. R J Evans. The Classical Review 46 (2):313-315.
Ian N. Wood (1993). Marius of Avenches Justin Favrod: La Chronique de Marius d'Avenches (451–581): Text, Traduction Et Commentaire. (Cahiers Lausannois d'Histoire Médiévale, 4.) Pp. 141; Illustrations. Lausanne: Université de Lausanne, 1991. Paper. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 43 (02):289-290.
Gustav Marius Bruce (1979). Luther as an Educator. Greenwood Press.
R. G. Lewis (2001). Catilina and the Vestal1. Classical Quarterly 51 (1):141-149.
A. J. Woodman (1973). A Note on Sallust, Catilina 1. 1. Classical Quarterly 23 (02):310-.
A. Keaveney & J. C. G. Strachan (1981). L. Catilina Legatus: Sallust, Histories I. 46M. Classical Quarterly 31 (02):363-.
Arthur Caplan (2011). The Use of Prisoners as Sources of Organs–An Ethically Dubious Practice. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (10):1 - 5.
Sabrina Hodges & Heather Larrabee (2000). Mumia Abu-Jamal: A Call for Economic Militancy. Radical Philosophy Review 3 (1):46-59.
M. Cary (1934). Catiline G. P. Amato: La Rivolta di Catilina. Pp. 148. Messina: Principato, 1934. Paper, L. 10.50. The Classical Review 48 (06):227-.
R. Meiggs (1940). A Defence of Catiline Eugenio Manni : Lucio Sergio Catilina. Pp. 264. Florence: 'La Nuova Italia', 1939. Paper, L. 15. The Classical Review 54 (03):162-163.
Bruce N. Waller (1989). From Hemlock to Lethai Injection: The Case for Self-Execution. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 4 (4):53-58.
C. D. Gilbert (1973). Marius And Fortuna. Classical Quarterly 23 (01):104-.
Luka Burazin (2013). Reply to Criticisms of the (Means of) Execution Thesis as a Kind of Legal Sanction. Archiv Fuer Rechts- Und Sozialphilosphie 99 (1):68-76.
Added to index2010-12-09
Total downloads3 ( #334,038 of 1,410,268 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #177,872 of 1,410,268 )
How can I increase my downloads?