David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Thinking and Reasoning 16 (3):221-232 (2011)
A total of 152 students were asked to respond to a series of causal conditional (“If P then Q”) inferences with major premises for which there was variable access to information contradicting the premises. Half the students were given 12.5 s for each inference, the other half were given 8.5 s. The percentage of accepted inferences was significantly lower when the time was shorter for the MP and MT inferences, but no effect was observed for the AC and DA inferences. Results are interpreted as supporting the idea that inhibition of retrieved information contradicting the premise is necessary to explain reasoning with the MP and MT inferences under logical instructions (Markovits & Barrouillet, 2002)
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Sieghard Beller & Gregory Kuhnm (2007). What Causal Conditional Reasoning Tells Us About People's Understanding of Causality. Thinking and Reasoning 13 (4):426 – 460.
Isabelle Vadeboncoeur & Henry Markovits (1999). The Effect of Instructions and Information Retrieval on Accepting the Premises in a Conditional Reasoning Task. Thinking and Reasoning 5 (2):97 – 113.
Wim de Neys, Walter Schaeken & G. (2005). Working Memory and Everyday Conditional Reasoning: Retrieval and Inhibition of Stored Counterexamples. Thinking and Reasoning 11 (4):349 – 381.
Stephane Quinn & Henry Markovits (2002). Conditional Reasoning with Causal Premises: Evidence for a Retrieval Model. Thinking and Reasoning 8 (3):179 – 191.
Henry Markovits (2000). A Mental Model Analysis of Young Children's Conditional Reasoning with Meaningful Premises. Thinking and Reasoning 6 (4):335 – 347.
Kristien Dieussaert, Walter Schaeken, Walter Schroyens & Gery D'Ydewalle (2000). Strategies During Complex Conditional Inferences. Thinking and Reasoning 6 (2):125 – 160.
Nelly Grosset & Pierre Barrouillet (2003). On the Nature of Mental Models of Conditional: The Case of If , If Then , and Only If. Thinking and Reasoning 9 (4):289 – 306.
Henrik Singmann & Karl Christoph Klauer (2011). Deductive and Inductive Conditional Inferences: Two Modes of Reasoning. Thinking and Reasoning 17 (3):247 - 281.
Henry Markovits, Celine Doyon & Michael Simoneau (2002). Individual Differences in Working Memory and Conditional Reasoning with Concrete and Abstract Content. Thinking and Reasoning 8 (2):97 – 107.
Henry Markovits & Hugues Lortie Forgues (2011). Conditional Reasoning Under Time Constraint: Information Retrieval and Inhibition. Thinking and Reasoning 16 (3):221-232.
Added to index2010-08-20
Total downloads3 ( #224,086 of 1,089,047 )
Recent downloads (6 months)0
How can I increase my downloads?