Returning to Rawls: Social contracting, social justice, and transcending the limitations of Locke [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Business Ethics 75 (1):63 - 76 (2007)
A generation ago, the field of business ethics largely abandoned analyzing the broader issue of social justice to focus upon more micro concerns. Donaldson applied the social contract tradition of Locke and Rawls to the ethics of management decision-making, and with Dunfee, has advanced this project ever since. Current events suggest that if the field is to remain relevant it needs to return to examining social and economic fairness, and Rawl's approach to social contracting suggests a way to start. First, however, the field needs to discard the weaker and counterproductive aspects of its Lockean legacy: Locke's hostility to government activism and his indifference with regard to outcomes for the bulk of society. Donaldson's and Dunfee's social contracting approach is not suited to, nor was it designed to, analyze or resolve broad issues of social and economic justice. Their postulated network of communities upon which they rely is problematic in a number of ways, and while they take the legal and political status quo into account, their method does not deal with the historical reality that, as the economic and social environment changes, promoting greater justice requires new and sometimes coercive government interventions. Rawls's work, however, does acknowledge the historically demonstrable necessity of using the power of government to help to achieve desirable social outcomes. While he rejected Mill's methodology, Rawls was inspired by the earlier philosopher's concerns for social justice at a time of major economic change. The field would do well to follow the example of both men in this respect
|Keywords||Donaldson Dunfee economic justice Locke Mill Rawls social contract Whig|
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References found in this work BETA
John Rawls (2001). Justice as Fairness: A Restatement. Harvard University Press.
David P. Gauthier (1986). Morals by Agreement. Oxford University Press.
John Locke (1988). Two Treatises of Government. Cambridge University Press.
John Rawls (1999). Collected Papers. Harvard University Press.
Thomas Donaldson (1982). Corporations and Morality. Journal of Business Ethics 1 (3):251-253.
Citations of this work BETA
Francis Weyzig (2009). Political and Economic Arguments for Corporate Social Responsibility: Analysis and a Proposition Regarding the Csr Agenda. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 86 (4):417 - 428.
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Marc A. Cohen (2010). The Narrow Application of Rawls in Business Ethics: A Political Conception of Both Stakeholder Theory and the Morality of Markets. Journal of Business Ethics 97 (4):563-579.
David M. Wasieleski & Mordechai Gal-Or (2008). An Enquiry Into the Ethical Efficacy of the Use of Radio Frequency Identification Technology. Ethics and Information Technology 10 (1):27-40.
Victor Oltra, Jaime Bonache & Chris Brewster (2013). A New Framework for Understanding Inequalities Between Expatriates and Host Country Nationals. Journal of Business Ethics 115 (2):291-310.
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