Returning to Rawls: Social contracting, social justice, and transcending the limitations of Locke [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Business Ethics 75 (1):63 - 76 (2007)
A generation ago, the field of business ethics largely abandoned analyzing the broader issue of social justice to focus upon more micro concerns. Donaldson applied the social contract tradition of Locke and Rawls to the ethics of management decision-making, and with Dunfee, has advanced this project ever since. Current events suggest that if the field is to remain relevant it needs to return to examining social and economic fairness, and Rawl's approach to social contracting suggests a way to start. First, however, the field needs to discard the weaker and counterproductive aspects of its Lockean legacy: Locke's hostility to government activism and his indifference with regard to outcomes for the bulk of society. Donaldson's and Dunfee's social contracting approach is not suited to, nor was it designed to, analyze or resolve broad issues of social and economic justice. Their postulated network of communities upon which they rely is problematic in a number of ways, and while they take the legal and political status quo into account, their method does not deal with the historical reality that, as the economic and social environment changes, promoting greater justice requires new and sometimes coercive government interventions. Rawls's work, however, does acknowledge the historically demonstrable necessity of using the power of government to help to achieve desirable social outcomes. While he rejected Mill's methodology, Rawls was inspired by the earlier philosopher's concerns for social justice at a time of major economic change. The field would do well to follow the example of both men in this respect
|Keywords||Donaldson Dunfee economic justice Locke Mill Rawls social contract Whig|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
John Rawls (2001). Justice as Fairness: A Restatement. Harvard University Press.
David P. Gauthier (1986). Morals by Agreement. Oxford University Press.
John Locke (1988). Two Treatises of Government. Cambridge University Press.
John Rawls (1999). Collected Papers. Harvard University Press.
Thomas Donaldson (1982). Corporations and Morality. Journal of Business Ethics 1 (3):251-253.
Citations of this work BETA
Francis Weyzig (2009). Political and Economic Arguments for Corporate Social Responsibility: Analysis and a Proposition Regarding the Csr Agenda. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 86 (4):417 - 428.
Marc A. Cohen (2010). The Narrow Application of Rawls in Business Ethics: A Political Conception of Both Stakeholder Theory and the Morality of Markets. Journal of Business Ethics 97 (4):563-579.
Prabhir Vishnu Poruthiyil (2013). Weaning Business Ethics From Strategic Economism: The Development Ethics Perspective. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 116 (4):735-749.
David M. Wasieleski & Mordechai Gal-Or (2008). An Enquiry Into the Ethical Efficacy of the Use of Radio Frequency Identification Technology. Ethics and Information Technology 10 (1):27-40.
Victor Oltra, Jaime Bonache & Chris Brewster (2013). A New Framework for Understanding Inequalities Between Expatriates and Host Country Nationals. Journal of Business Ethics 115 (2):291-310.
Similar books and articles
Bart Schultz (2009). Review Essay: John Rawls's Last Word. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 39 (1):107-114.
Rodney G. Peffer (2008). A Modified Rawlsian Theory of Social Justice: “Justice as Fair Rights”. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 50:593-608.
Samuel Richard Freeman (ed.) (2003). The Cambridge Companion to Rawls. Cambridge University Press.
Iwao Taka & Thomas W. Dunfee (1997). Japanese Moralogy as Business Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 16 (5):507-519.
Gerald Doppelt (2009). The Place of Self-Respect in a Theory of Justice. Inquiry 52 (2):127 – 154.
Samuel Richard Freeman (2007). Justice and the Social Contract: Essays on Rawlsian Political Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
Fabienne Peter (2009). Rawlsian Justice. In Paul Anand, Prastanta Pattanaik & Clemens Puppe (eds.), The Handbook of Rational and Social Choice. Oxford University Press 433--456.
Lawrence J. Lad (1995). Social Contracting as a Trust-Building Process of Network Governance. Business Ethics Quarterly 5 (2):271-295.
Jerry M. Calton (2006). Social Contracting in a Pluralist Process of Moral Sense Making: A Dialogic Twist on the ISCT. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 68 (3):329 - 346.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads27 ( #143,731 of 1,902,168 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #280,997 of 1,902,168 )
How can I increase my downloads?