The effect of implicit moral attitudes on managerial decision-making: An implicit social cognition approach [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Business Ethics 85 (2):157 - 171 (2009)
This article concerns itself with the relationship between implicit moral cognitions and decisions in the realm of business ethics. Traditionally, business ethics research emphasized the effects of overt or explicit attitudes on ethical decision-making and neglected intuitive or implicit attitudes. Therefore, based on an implicit social cognition approach it is important to know whether implicit moral attitudes may have a substantial impact on managerial ethical decision-making processes. To test this thesis, a study with 50 participants was conducted. In this study the participants were asked to work on a deliberative managerial ethical decision-making task, in which they had to decide on one of two options. Implicit moral attitudes towards the two options were measured using the implicit association test (IAT). A semantic differential scale was used to diagnose explicit moral attitudes towards the two options. Each step taken within the deliberative decision-making process, as well the decision itself, was assessed using a scoring model-based decision analysis and a decision-making questionnaire. The results of this study show that implicit moral attitude has a great influence on the deliberative ethical decision-making process. The derived conclusion is that complex and deliberative decision-making processes in the context of business ethics can be affected by implicit social cognitions such as implicit moral attitudes
|Keywords||business ethics ethical decision-making implicit association test (IAT) implicit attitudes implicit social cognition mental processes moral judgements|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Danielle S. Beu, M. Ronald Buckley & Michael G. Harvey (2003). Ethical Decision–Making: A Multidimensional Construct. Business Ethics 12 (1):88–107.
Janne Chung & Gary S. Monroe (2007). An Exploratory Study of Counterexplanation as an Ethical Intervention Strategy. Journal of Business Ethics 73 (3):245 - 261.
Jeffrey R. Cohen, Laurie W. Pant & David J. Sharp (2001). An Examination of Differences in Ethical Decision-Making Between Canadian Business Students and Accounting Professionals. Journal of Business Ethics 30 (4):319 - 336.
Dennis Cole, M. Joseph Sirgy & Monroe Murphy Bird (2000). How Do Managers Make Teleological Evaluations in Ethical Dilemmas? Testing Part of and Extending the Hunt-Vitell Model. Journal of Business Ethics 26 (3):259 - 269.
Ap Dijksterhuis & Loran F. Nordgren (2006). A Theory of Unconscious Thought. Perspectives on Psychological Science 1 (2):95-109.
Citations of this work BETA
Jana L. Craft (2013). Living in the Gray: Lessons on Ethics From Prison. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 115 (2):327-339.
Jana L. Craft (2013). A Review of the Empirical Ethical Decision-Making Literature: 2004–2011. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 117 (2):221-259.
Similar books and articles
James S. Uleman, Steven L. Blader & Alexander Todorov (2005). Implicit Impressions. In Ran R. Hassin, James S. Uleman & John A. Bargh (eds.), The New Unconscious. Oxford Series in Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience. Oxford University Press. 362-392.
D. Maison, Anthony G. Greenwald & R. H. Bruin (2004). Predictive Validity of the Implicit Association Test in Studies of Brands, Consumer Attitudes, and Behavior. Journal of Consumer Psychology 14:405-415.
Michael Billig (1988). Rhetorical and Historical Aspects of Attitudes: The Case of the British Monarchy. Philosophical Psychology 1 (1):83 – 103.
Edwin Cox (1988). Explicit and Implicit Moral Education. Journal of Moral Education 17 (2):92-97.
Robert S. Steele & Jill G. Morawski (2002). Implicit Cognition and the Social Unconscious. Theory and Psychology 12 (1):37-54.
Clare M. Pennino (2002). Is Decision Style Related to Moral Development Among Managers in the U.S.? Journal of Business Ethics 41 (4):337 - 347.
Daniel Kelly & Erica Roedder (2008). Racial Cognition and the Ethics of Implicit Bias. Philosophy Compass 3 (3):522–540.
Brian C. Tietje, Is the Implicit Association Test a Valid and Valuable Measure of Implicit Consumer Social Cognition?
Nicki Marquardt (2010). Implicit Mental Processes in Ethical Management Behavior. Ethics and Behavior 20 (2):128 – 148.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads17 ( #91,956 of 1,096,442 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #44,086 of 1,096,442 )
How can I increase my downloads?