The interplay between counterfactual reasoning and feedback dynamics in producing inferences about the self
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Thinking and Reasoning 13 (2):188 – 206 (2007)
Counterfactual reasoning research typically demonstrates contrast effects—nearly winning evokes frustration, whereas nearly losing evokes exhilaration. The present work, however, describes conditions under which assimilative responses (i.e., when judgements are pulled towards a comparison standard) also occur. Participants solved analogies and learned that they had either nearly attained a target score or nearly failed to attain it. Participants in the no trajectory condition received this feedback in the absence of any prior feedback, whereas those in the trajectory condition received feedback after having received prior feedback conforming to either an ascending or descending pattern. Participants then provided perceptions of their verbal intelligence. Assimilation effects were observed in the trajectory conditions but attenuated in the no trajectory conditions. Discussion focuses on the role of feedback dynamics in determining responses to close-call counterfactuals.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Johannes C. Ziegler & Guy C. Van Orden (2000). Feedback Consistency Effects. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (3):351-352.
Frederick Adams (1986). Feedback About Feedback: Reply to Ehring. Southern Journal of Philosophy 24 (1):123-131.
Padraig G. O'Seaghdha (1999). Parsimonious Feedback. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):51-52.
David Galles & Judea Pearl (1998). An Axiomatic Characterization of Causal Counterfactuals. Foundations of Science 3 (1):151-182.
Dennis Norris, James M. McQueen & Anne Cutler (2000). Feedback on Feedback on Feedback: It's Feedforward. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (3):352-363.
Richard M. Warren (2000). Phonemic Organization Does Not Occur: Hence No Feedback. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (3):350-351.
Berndt Brehmer (1996). Man as a Stabiliser of Systems: From Static Snapshots of Judgement Processes to Dynamic Decision Making. Thinking and Reasoning 2 (2 & 3):225 – 238.
Elizabeth Soliday & Annette L. Stanton (1995). Deceived Versus Nondeceived Participants' Perceptions of Scientific and Applied Psychology. Ethics and Behavior 5 (1):87 – 104.
Michael K. Tanenhaus, James S. Magnuson, Bob McMurray & Richard N. Aslin (2000). No Compelling Evidence Against Feedback in Spoken Word Recognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (3):348-349.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads4 ( #383,052 of 1,700,305 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #362,609 of 1,700,305 )
How can I increase my downloads?