David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Synthese 165 (1):31 - 51 (2008)
Though acknowledged by scholars, Plato’s identification of the Beautiful and the Good has generated little interest, even in aesthetics where the moral concepts are a current topic. The view is suspect because, e.g., it is easy to find examples of ugly saints and beautiful sinners. In this paper the thesis is defended using ideas from Plato’s ancient commentators, the Neoplatonists. Most interesting is Proclus, who applied to value theory a battery of linguistic tools with fixed semantic properties—comparative adjectives, associated gradable adjectives, mass nouns, and predicate negations—all with a semantics that demand a privative scale of value. It is shown how it is perfectly possible to interpret value terms Platonically over privative Boolean algebras so that beautifuland good diverge while at higher levels other value terms are coextensional. Considerations are offered that this structure conforms to actual usage.
|Keywords||Aesthetic value Moral value Beauty Goodness Comparative adjectives Gradable adjectives Privative negative Hyper negation Mass nouns Plato Neoplatonism Proclus|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Lennart Åqvist (1981). Predicate Calculi with Adjectives and Nouns. Journal of Philosophical Logic 10 (1):1 - 26.
Laurence Horn (1989). A Natural History of Negation. University of Chicago Press.
Christopher Kennedy (2001). Polar Opposition and the Ontology of 'Degrees'. Linguistics and Philosophy 24 (1):33-70.
Christopher Kennedy (2007). Vagueness and Grammar: The Semantics of Relative and Absolute Gradable Adjectives. [REVIEW] Linguistics and Philosophy 30 (1):1 - 45.
John N. Martin (1995). Existence, Negation, and Abstraction in the Neoplatonic Hierarchy1. History and Philosophy of Logic 16 (2):169-196.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Mihaela C. Fistioc (2002). The Beautiful Shape of the Good: Platonic and Pythagorean Themes in Kant's Critique of the Power of Judgment. Routledge.
Diana Lobel (2011). Being and the Good: Maimonides on Ontological Beauty. Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 19 (1):1-45.
Andrew Chignell (2007). Kant on the Normativity of Taste: The Role of Aesthetic Ideas. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 85 (3):415 – 433.
Kristian Urstad, Loving Socrates: The Individual and the Ladder of Love in Plato's Symposium. Res Cogitans.
Crispin Sartwell (2011). The Shape of the World: What If Aesthetic Properties Were Real? Nordic Journal of Aesthetics 22 (40-41).
Philip Mallaband (2002). Understanding Kant's Distinction Between Free and Dependent Beauty. Philosophical Quarterly 52 (206):66-81.
John N. Martin (2001). Proclus and the Neoplatonic Syllogistic. Journal of Philosophical Logic 30 (3):187-240.
Rafael De Clercq (2005). The Aesthetic Peculiarity of Multifunctional Artefacts. British Journal of Aesthetics 45 (4):412-425.
Rodolphe Gasché (2003). The Idea of Form: Rethinking Kant's Aesthetics. Stanford University Press.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads26 ( #95,137 of 1,696,592 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #94,197 of 1,696,592 )
How can I increase my downloads?