David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Synthese 165 (1):31 - 51 (2008)
Though acknowledged by scholars, Plato’s identification of the Beautiful and the Good has generated little interest, even in aesthetics where the moral concepts are a current topic. The view is suspect because, e.g., it is easy to find examples of ugly saints and beautiful sinners. In this paper the thesis is defended using ideas from Plato’s ancient commentators, the Neoplatonists. Most interesting is Proclus, who applied to value theory a battery of linguistic tools with fixed semantic properties—comparative adjectives, associated gradable adjectives, mass nouns, and predicate negations—all with a semantics that demand a privative scale of value. It is shown how it is perfectly possible to interpret value terms Platonically over privative Boolean algebras so that beautifuland good diverge while at higher levels other value terms are coextensional. Considerations are offered that this structure conforms to actual usage.
|Keywords||Aesthetic value Moral value Beauty Goodness Comparative adjectives Gradable adjectives Privative negative Hyper negation Mass nouns Plato Neoplatonism Proclus|
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References found in this work BETA
Lennart Åqvist (1981). Predicate Calculi with Adjectives and Nouns. Journal of Philosophical Logic 10 (1):1 - 26.
Laurence Horn (1989). A Natural History of Negation. University of Chicago Press.
Christopher Kennedy (2001). Polar Opposition and the Ontology of 'Degrees'. Linguistics and Philosophy 24 (1):33-70.
Christopher Kennedy (2007). Vagueness and Grammar: The Semantics of Relative and Absolute Gradable Adjectives. [REVIEW] Linguistics and Philosophy 30 (1):1 - 45.
John N. Martin (1995). Existence, Negation, and Abstraction in the Neoplatonic Hierarchy1. History and Philosophy of Logic 16 (2):169-196.
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