Graduate studies at Western
Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (3):375-394 (2009)
|Abstract||Scientific research is subject to a number of regulations which impose incidental (time, place), rather than substantive (type of research), restrictions on scientific research and the knowledge created through such research. In recent years, however, the premise that scientific research and knowledge should be free from substantive regulation has increasingly been called into question. Some have suggested that the law should be used as a tool to substantively restrict research which is dual-use in nature or which raises moral objections. There are, however, some problems with using law to restrict or prohibit certain types of scientific research, including (i) the inherent imprecision of law for regulating complex and rapidly evolving scientific research; (ii) the difficulties of enforcing legal restrictions on an activity that is international in scope; (iii) the limited predictability of the consequences of restricting specific branches of scientific research; (iv) inertia in the legislative process; and (v) the susceptibility of legislators and regulators to inappropriate factors and influence. Rather than using law to restrict scientific research, it may be more appropriate and effective to use a combination of non-traditional legal tools including norms, codes of conduct, restrictions on publication, and scientist-developed voluntary standards to regulate problematic scientific research.|
|Keywords||Science regulation Dual use Substantive regulation Research ethics Code of conduct Self-regulation Voluntary standards|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Wendy Rogers & Angela Ballantyne (2008). When Is Sex-Specific Research Appropriate? International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 1 (2):36 - 57.
Robert Post (2009). Constitutional Restraints on the Regulations of Scientific Speech and Scientific Research. Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (3):431-438.
Stephanie J. Bird & David E. Housman (1995). Trust and the Collection, Selection, Analysis and Interpretation of Data: A Scientist's View. Science and Engineering Ethics 1 (4):371-382.
Mathias M. Siems, The Taxonomy of Interdisciplinary Legal Research: Finding the Way Out of the Desert.
Paul J. Friedman (1996). An Introduction to Research Ethics. Science and Engineering Ethics 2 (4):443-456.
Karsten Weber (2007). Simulationen in den Sozialwissenschaften. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 38 (1):111 - 126.
Michele S. Garfinkel & Daniel Sarewitz (2003). Parallel Path: Poliovirus Research in the Vaccine Era. Science and Engineering Ethics 9 (3):319-338.
J. Weinstein (2009). Democracy, Individual Rights and the Regulation of Science. Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (3):407-429.
Felice J. Levine & Joyce M. Iutcovich (2003). Challenges in Studying the Effects of Scientific Societies on Research Integrity. Science and Engineering Ethics 9 (2):257-268.
Added to index2009-04-20
Total downloads5 ( #170,270 of 739,356 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #61,680 of 739,356 )
How can I increase my downloads?