The "spare parts person"? Conceptions of the human body and their implications for public attitudes towards organ donation and organ sale
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 4 (1):4- (2009)
BackgroundThe increasing debate on financial incentives for organ donation raises concerns about a "commodification of the human body". Philosophical-ethical stances on this development depend on assumptions concerning the body and how people think about it. In our qualitative empirical study we analyze public attitudes towards organ donation in their specific relation to conceptions of the human body in four European countries (Cyprus, Germany, the Netherlands and Sweden). This approach aims at a more context-sensitive picture of what "commodification of the body" can mean in concrete clinical decisions concerning organ donation.ResultsWe find that moral intuitions concerning organ donation are rooted in various conceptions of the human body and its relation to the self: a) the body as a mechanical object owned by the self, b) the body as a part of a higher order embodying the self, and c) the body as a hierarchy of organs constitutive of the self.ConclusionThe language of commodification is much too simple to capture what is at stake in everyday life intuitions about organ donation and organ sale. We discuss how the plurality of underlying body-self conceptions can be taken into account in the ethical debate, pointing out consequences for an anthropologically informed approach and for a liberal perspective
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Silke Schicktanz (2009). Zum Stellenwert von Betroffenheit, Öffentlichkeit und Deliberation im empirical turn der Medizinethik. Ethik in der Medizin 21 (3):223-234.
Daniel Sperling & Gabriel M. Gurman (2012). Factors Encouraging and Inhibiting Organ Donation in Israel. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 9 (4):479-497.
Similar books and articles
Ann Mongoven (2003). Sharing Our Body and Blood: Organ Donation and Feminist Critiques of Sacrifice. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 28 (1):89 – 114.
Cynthia B. Cohen (2002). Public Policy and the Sale of Human Organs. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 12 (1):47-64.
Patricia A. Marshall, David C. Thomasma & Abdallah S. Daar (1996). Marketing Human Organs: The Autonomy Paradox. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 17 (1).
Caroline Guibet Lafaye & Henri Kreis (2013). From Altruistic Donation to Conditional Societal Organ Appropriation After Death. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (2):355-368.
Laura A. Siminoff & Christina M. Saunders Sturm (2000). African-American Reluctance to Donate: Beliefs and Attitudes About Organ Donation and Implications for Policy. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 10 (1):59-74.
S. Schicktanz & M. Schweda (2009). "One Man's Trash is Another Man's Treasure": Exploring Economic and Moral Subtexts of the "Organ Shortage" Problem in Public Views on Organ Donation. Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (8):473-476.
S. Giles (2005). An Antidote to the Emerging Two Tier Organ Donation Policy in Canada: The Public Cadaveric Organ Donation Program. Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (4):188-191.
James F. Childress (2001). The Failure to Give: Reducing Barriers to Organ Donation. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 11 (1):1-16.
Stephen Wilkinson (2000). Commodification Arguments for the Legal Prohibition of Organ Sale. Health Care Analysis 8 (2):189-201.
Sandra Woien, Mohamad Rady, Joseph Verheijde & Joan McGregor (2006). Organ Procurement Organizations Internet Enrollment for Organ Donation: Abandoning Informed Consent. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 7 (14):1-9.
Hayden Bernstein, Organ-Trafficking and the State of Israel: Jewish and Ethical Guidelines for a Regulated Market in Human Organs.
Mary Jiang Bresnahan & Kevin Mahler (2010). Ethical Debate Over Organ Donation in the Context of Brain Death. Bioethics 24 (2):54-60.
Walter Glannon & Lainie Friedman Ross (2005). Response to “Intrafamilial Organ Donation Is Often an Altruistic Act” by Aaron Spital and “Donor Benefit Is the Key to Justified Living Organ Donation,” by Aaron Spital : Motivation, Risk, and Benefit in Living Organ Donation: A Reply to Aaron Spital. [REVIEW] Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 14 (2):191-194.
Nikola Biller-Andorno (2002). Gender Imbalance in Living Organ Donation. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 5 (2):199-203.
Susan R. Martyn, Richard Wright & Leo Clark (1988). Required Request for Organ Donation: Moral, Clinical, and Legal Problems. Hastings Center Report 18 (2):27-34.
Added to index2010-08-24
Total downloads25 ( #160,776 of 1,911,915 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #324,434 of 1,911,915 )
How can I increase my downloads?