Using self-view television to distinguish between self-examination and social behavior in the bottlenose Dolphin
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 4 (2):205-24 (1992)
In mirror mark tests dolphins twist, posture, and engage in open-mouth and head movements, often repetitive. Because postures and an open mouth are also dolphin social behaviours, we used self-view television as a manipulatable mirror to distinguish between self-examination and social behavior. Two dolphins were exposed to alternating real-time self-view and playback of the same to determine if they distinguished between them. The adult male engaged in elaborate open-mouth behaviors in mirror mode, but usually just watched when playing back the same material. Mirror mode behavior was also compared to interacting with real dolphins . Mark tests were conducted, as well as switches from front to side self-views to see if the dolphins turned. They presented marked areas to self-views to see if the dolphins turned. They presented marked areas to the self-view television and turned. The results suggest self-examination over social behavior
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Diana Reiss, Brenda McCowan & Lori Marino (1997). Communicative and Other Cognitive Characteristics of Bottlenose Dolphins. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 1 (4):140-145.
Louis M. Herman (2012). Body and Self in Dolphins. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (1):526-545.
Thomas I. White (2013). Humans and Dolphins: An Exploration of Anthropocentrism in Applied Environmental Ethics. Journal of Animal Ethics 3 (1):85-99.
Similar books and articles
Nenad Tomić & Victor Benno Meyer-Rochow (2011). Atavisms Medical, Genetic, and Evolutionary Implications. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 54 (3):332-353.
Arnold M. Duff (1930). The Dolphin The Dolphin in the Literature and Art of Greece and Rome. (A Dissertation for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy, Johns Hopkins University.) By Eunice Burr Stebbins. Pp. Viii + 136. Benasha, Wisconsin: George Banta Publishing Company, 1929. Cloth, 10s. 6d.; Paper, 6s. 6d. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 44 (05):185-186.
Larry Z. Leslie (1992). Lying in Prime Time: Ethical Egoism in Situation Comedies. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 7 (1):5 – 18.
Thomas I. White (2010). Dolphin People. The Philosophers' Magazine 49 (49):36-43.
Stuart Nolan (2003). Box Clever: The Intelligence of Television. [REVIEW] AI and Society 17 (1):25-36.
Ken Marten & Suchi Psarakos (1995). Summary of "Evidence of Self-Awareness in Bottlenose Dolphins (Tursiops Truncatus)". Consciousness and Cognition 4 (2):225-.
Derek Browne (2004). Do Dolphins Know Their Own Minds? Biology and Philosophy 19 (4):633-53.
Katherine A. Loveland (1995). Self-Recognition in the Bottlenose Dolphin: Ecological Considerations. Consciousness and Cognition 4 (2):254-257.
Daniel Hart Jr & J. Whitlow (1995). The Experience of Self in the Bottlenose Dolphin. Consciousness and Cognition 4 (2):244-247.
K. Marten & S. Psarakos (1994). Evidence for Self-Awareness in the Bottlenose Dolphin. In S. T. Parker, R. Mitchell & M. L. Boccia (eds.), Self-Awareness in Animals and Humans: Developmental Perspectives. Cambridge University Press
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads12 ( #304,306 of 1,934,425 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #145,801 of 1,934,425 )
How can I increase my downloads?