Using self-view television to distinguish between self-examination and social behavior in the bottlenose Dolphin

Consciousness and Cognition 4 (2):205-24 (1992)
In mirror mark tests dolphins twist, posture, and engage in open-mouth and head movements, often repetitive. Because postures and an open mouth are also dolphin social behaviours, we used self-view television as a manipulatable mirror to distinguish between self-examination and social behavior. Two dolphins were exposed to alternating real-time self-view and playback of the same to determine if they distinguished between them. The adult male engaged in elaborate open-mouth behaviors in mirror mode, but usually just watched when playing back the same material. Mirror mode behavior was also compared to interacting with real dolphins . Mark tests were conducted, as well as switches from front to side self-views to see if the dolphins turned. They presented marked areas to self-views to see if the dolphins turned. They presented marked areas to the self-view television and turned. The results suggest self-examination over social behavior.
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DOI 10.1006/ccog.1995.1026
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Louis M. Herman (2012). Body and Self in Dolphins. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (1):526-545.

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