Kant's dynamical theory of matter in 1755, and its debt to speculative Newtonian experimentalism

Abstract
This paper explores the scientific sources behind Kant’s early dynamic theory of matter in 1755, with a focus on two main Kant’s writings: Universal Natural History and Theory of the Heavens and On Fire. The year 1755 has often been portrayed by Kantian scholars as a turning point in the intellectual career of the young Kant, with his much debated conversion to Newton. Via a careful analysis of some salient themes in the two aforementioned works, and a reconstruction of the scientific sources behind them, this paper shows Kant’s debt to an often overlooked scientific tradition, i.e. speculative Newtonian experimentalism. The paper argues that more than the Principia, it was the speculative experimentalism that goes from Newton’s Opticks to Herman Boerhaave’s Elementa chemiae via Stephen Hales’ Vegetable Staticks that played a central role in the elaboration of Kant’s early dynamic theory of matter in 1755.
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References found in this work BETA
Immanuel Kant (1993). Opus Postumum. Cambridge University Press.
Manfred Kühn (2001). Kant's Teachers in the Exact Sciences. In Eric Watkins (ed.), Kant and the Sciences. Oxford University Press. 11--30.

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Citations of this work BETA
Michela Massimi & Silvia De Bianchi (2013). Cartesian Echoes in Kant's Philosophy of Nature. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (3):481-492.
Andrew Janiak (2013). Three Concepts of Causation in Newton. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (3):396-407.
Eric Watkins (2013). The Early Kant's (Anti-) Newtonianism. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (3):429-437.
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