Human rationality and the unique origin constraint

In André Ariew (ed.), Functions. Oxford University Press. 341 (2002)
Abstract
This paper offers a new definition of "adaptationism". An evolutionary account is adaptationist, it is suggested, if it allows for multiple independent origins for the same function -- i.e., if it violates the "Unique Origin Constraint". While this account captures much of the position Gould and Lewontin intended to stigmatize, it leaves it open that adaptationist accounts may sometimes be appropriate. However, there are many important cases, including that of human rationality, in which it is not.
Keywords Adaptation  Logic  Rationality  Teleology
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