David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Constructivist Foundations 7 (3):155-164 (2012)
Context: Francisco Varela and Humberto Maturana worked closely together for several short episodes and wrote joint publications during the 1970s and 1980s. After that their respective paths in life diverged. Problem: What is the common ground and what are the differences between these two authors with respect to their lives and aims? Method: The author reconstructs their common history in the form of personal reflections and conversations with Varela. Results: The personal reflections reveal the intellectual path Maturana took to develop his way of thinking, in particular his fascination with explanatory processes and the phenomenon of life. The conversations with Varela portray him as a man of great “cognitive autonomy,” whose career started with the intention to study “psychism in the universe.” For Varela it seemed possible, through meditation, to reach transcendental reality as something that exists externally to the living of human beings and that can be known as such. Maturana, by contrast, claims that there is no way to refer to such a universal truth. Rather, human beings generate all the worlds they live in. Implications: While the two men collaborated in both teaching and writing, they eventually created two different constructivist approaches driven by a different set of questions. Constructivist content: Both Humberto Maturana and Francisco Varela have decisively contributed to constructivist approaches
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Mario Villalobos & Dave Ward (2015). Living Systems: Autonomy, Autopoiesis and Enaction. Philosophy and Technology 28 (2):225-239.
Similar books and articles
John Protevi, Beyond Autopoiesis: Inflections of Emergence and Politics in the Work of Francisco Varela.
H. Maturana, A. Paucar-Caceres & R. Harnden (2011). Origins and Implications of Autopoiesis. Preface to the Second Edition of De Maquinas y Seres Vivos Autopoiesis. Constructivist Foundations 6 (3):293-306.
Evan Thompson (2004). Life and Mind: From Autopoiesis to Neurophenomenology. A Tribute to Francisco Varela. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 3 (4):381-398.
Francisco Varela & Humberto Maturana (1972). Mechanism and Biological Explanation. Philosophy of Science 39 (3):378-382.
Francisco J. Varela & Bernhard Poerksen (2006). Truth is What Works : Francisco J. Varela on Cognitive Science, Buddhism, the Inseparability of Subject and Object, and the Exaggerations of Constructivism--A Conversation. Journal of Aesthetic Education 40 (1):35-53.
Henry Dicks (2011). The Self-Poetizing Earth. Environmental Philosophy 8 (1):41-61.
Renaud Barbaras (2002). Francisco Varela: A New Idea of Perception and Life. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 1 (2):127-132.
Evan Thompson (2001). Francisco J. Varela (1946–2001). Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (8):368.
Rocco Marchitelli (2010). Francisco Varela's View on Phenomenology in His Cognitive Interpretation. Dialogues in Philosophy, Mental and Neuro Sciences 3 (2):42-44.
M. Bitbol (2012). Neurophenomenology, an Ongoing Practice of/in Consciousness. Constructivist Foundations 7 (3):165-173.
Francisco Teixeira (2002). A Propósito de "O Sentimento de Si": (Ou O Erro de Damásio). Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 58 (1):161 - 184.
Michel Bitbol (2002). Science as If Situation Mattered. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 1 (2):181-224.
Pille Bunnell & Alexander Riegler (2011). Maturana Across the Disciplines. Constructivist Foundations 6 (3):287-292.
Witold Wachowski (2010). Tryptyk neurofenomenologiczny. Wprowadzenie. Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 1 (1).
Added to index2012-07-14
Total downloads20 ( #185,467 of 1,796,448 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #282,641 of 1,796,448 )
How can I increase my downloads?