David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Cognitive Science 36 (7):1157-1177 (2012)
What mechanism implements the mutual exclusivity bias to map novel labels to objects without names? Prominent theoretical accounts of mutual exclusivity (e.g., Markman, 1989, 1990) propose that infants are guided by their knowledge of object names. However, the mutual exclusivity constraint could be implemented via monitoring of object novelty (see Merriman, Marazita, & Jarvis, 1995). We sought to discriminate between these contrasting explanations across two preferential looking experiments with 22-month-olds. In Experiment 1, infants viewed three objects: one name-known, two name-unknown. Of the two name-unknown objects, one was novel, and the other had been previously familiarized. The infants responded to hearing a novel label by increasing attention only to the novel, name-unknown object. In a second experiment in which the name-known object was absent, a novel label increased infants’ attention to a novel object beyond baseline preference for novelty. The experiments provide clear evidence for a novelty-based mechanism. However, differences in the time course of disambiguation across experiments suggest that novelty processing may be influenced by contextual factors
|Keywords||Word learning Habituation Mutual exclusivity Novelty preference Infancy Language development|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Justin Halberda (2003). The Development of a Word-Learning Strategy. Cognition 87 (1):B23-B34.
Jessica S. Horst, Larissa K. Samuelson, Sarah C. Kucker & Bob McMurray (2011). What's New? Children Prefer Novelty in Referent Selection. Cognition 118 (2):234-244.
Ellen M. Markman (1989). Categorization and Naming in Children: Problems of Induction. The Mit Press.
Ellen M. Markman (1990). Constraints Children Place on Word Meanings. Cognitive Science 14 (1):57-77.
Terry Regier (2005). The Emergence of Words: Attentional Learning in Form and Meaning. Cognitive Science 29 (6):819-865.
Citations of this work BETA
Ricardo Ah Bion, Arielle Borovsky & Anne Fernald (2013). Fast Mapping, Slow Learning: Disambiguation of Novel Word–Object Mappings in Relation to Vocabulary Learning at 18, 24, and 30months. [REVIEW] Cognition 126 (1):39-53.
Similar books and articles
Erik D. Thiessen (2010). Effects of Visual Information on Adults' and Infants' Auditory Statistical Learning. Cognitive Science 34 (6):1093-1106.
P. W. Jusczyk, S. P. Johnson, E. S. Spelke & L. J. Kennedy (1999). Synchronous Change and Perception of Object Unity: Evidence From Adults and Infants. Cognition 71 (3):257-88.
Frank Keil (2008). Biases Towards Internal Features in Infants' Reasoning About Objects. Cognition 107 (2):420-432.
Lakshmi J. Gogate (2001). Don't Preverbal Infants Map Words Onto Referents? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (6):1106-1107.
Philip J. Kellman & Elizabeth S. Spelke (1983). Perception of Partly Occluded Objects in Infancy* 1. Cognitive Psychology 15 (4):483â524.
D. Geoffrey Hall (2009). Proper Names in Early Word Learning: Rethinking a Theoretical Account of Lexical Development. Mind and Language 24 (4):404-432.
Stephanie Denison & Fei Xu (2010). Integrating Physical Constraints in Statistical Inference by 11-Month-Old Infants. Cognitive Science 34 (5):885-908.
Vasudevi Reddy (2005). Before the `Third Element': Understanding Attention to Self. In Naomi Eilan, Christoph Hoerl, Teresa McCormack & Johannes Roessler (eds.), Joint Attention: Communication and Other Minds. Issues in Philosophy and Psychology. Oxford University Press. 85--109.
Elizabeth S. Spelke (1985). Object Permanence in Five-Month-Old Infants. Cognition 20 (3):191-208.
Scott P. Johnson (2010). How Infants Learn About the Visual World. Cognitive Science 34 (7):1158-1184.
Paul Bloom (2002). Enumeration of Collective Entities by 5-Month-Old Infants. Cognition 83 (3):55-62.
Elizabeth Spelke (2001). Recognition and Categorization of Biologically Significant Objects by Rhesus Monkeys (Macaca Mulatta): The Domain of Food. Cognition 82 (2):127-155.
Added to index2012-03-22
Total downloads9 ( #180,115 of 1,679,435 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #182,836 of 1,679,435 )
How can I increase my downloads?