David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Cognitive Science 36 (7):1157-1177 (2012)
What mechanism implements the mutual exclusivity bias to map novel labels to objects without names? Prominent theoretical accounts of mutual exclusivity (e.g., Markman, 1989, 1990) propose that infants are guided by their knowledge of object names. However, the mutual exclusivity constraint could be implemented via monitoring of object novelty (see Merriman, Marazita, & Jarvis, 1995). We sought to discriminate between these contrasting explanations across two preferential looking experiments with 22-month-olds. In Experiment 1, infants viewed three objects: one name-known, two name-unknown. Of the two name-unknown objects, one was novel, and the other had been previously familiarized. The infants responded to hearing a novel label by increasing attention only to the novel, name-unknown object. In a second experiment in which the name-known object was absent, a novel label increased infants’ attention to a novel object beyond baseline preference for novelty. The experiments provide clear evidence for a novelty-based mechanism. However, differences in the time course of disambiguation across experiments suggest that novelty processing may be influenced by contextual factors
|Keywords||Word learning Habituation Mutual exclusivity Novelty preference Infancy Language development|
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Citations of this work BETA
Ricardo Ah Bion, Arielle Borovsky & Anne Fernald (2013). Fast Mapping, Slow Learning: Disambiguation of Novel Word–Object Mappings in Relation to Vocabulary Learning at 18, 24, and 30months. [REVIEW] Cognition 126 (1):39-53.
Kevin J. Riggs, Emily Mather, Grace Hyde & Andrew Simpson (2015). Parallels Between Action‐Object Mapping and Word‐Object Mapping in Young Children. Cognitive Science 39 (8).
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