David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Synthese 170 (1):169 - 190 (2009)
Despite their best efforts, scientists may be unable to construct models that simultaneously exemplify every theoretical virtue. One explanation for this is the existence of tradeoffs: relationships of attenuation that constrain the extent to which models can have such desirable qualities. In this paper, we characterize three types of tradeoffs theorists may confront. These characterizations are then used to examine the relationships between parameter precision and two types of generality. We show that several of these relationships exhibit tradeoffs and discuss what consequences those tradeoffs have for theoretical practice.
|Keywords||Tradeoff Model Modeling Biological models Richard Levins Generality Precision Theoretical virtues|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Nancy Cartwright (1983). How the Laws of Physics Lie. Oxford University Press.
Stephen M. Downes (1992). The Importance of Models in Theorizing: A Deflationary Semantic View. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:142 - 153.
Michael Friedman (1974). Explanation and Scientific Understanding. Journal of Philosophy 71 (1):5-19.
Peter Godfrey-Smith (2006). The Strategy of Model-Based Science. Biology and Philosophy 21 (5):725-740.
Philip Kitcher (1981). Explanatory Unification. Philosophy of Science 48 (4):507-531.
Citations of this work BETA
Rogier De Langhe (2013). The Kuhnian Paradigm. Topoi 32 (1):65-73.
Angela Potochnik (2012). Feminist Implications of Model-Based Science. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 43 (2):383-389.
Axel Gelfert (2013). Strategies of Model-Building in Condensed Matter Physics: Trade-Offs as a Demarcation Criterion Between Physics and Biology? Synthese 190 (2):253-272.
Stephen M. Downes (2011). Scientific Models. Philosophy Compass 6 (11):757-764.
John Matthewson (2011). Trade-Offs in Model-Building: A More Target-Oriented Approach. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 42 (2):324-333.
Similar books and articles
Jonathan Baron (1986). Tradeoffs Among Reasons for Action. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 16 (2):173–195.
Marc Fleurbaey & Alex Voorhoeve (2012). Egalitarianism and the Separateness of Persons. Utilitas 24 (3):381-398.
Charles E. Wright & David E. Meyer (1997). The Delta-Lambda Model: “Yes” for Simple Movement Trajectories; “No” for Speed/Accuracy Tradeoffs. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (2):324-324.
David R. Mandel & Oshin Vartanian (2008). Taboo or Tragic: Effect of Tradeoff Type on Moral Choice, Conflict, and Confidence. [REVIEW] Mind and Society 7 (2):215-226.
Michael Weisberg (2006). Forty Years of 'the Strategy': Levins on Model Building and Idealization. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 21 (5):623-645.
X. T. Wang & Jeffrey S. Simons (2005). Reference Point-Dependent Tradeoffs in Intertemporal Decision Making. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (5):663-664.
Michael Weisberg (2004). Qualitative Theory and Chemical Explanation. Philosophy of Science 71 (5):1071-1081.
Michael Weisberg (2009). The Structure of Tradeoffs in Model Building. Synthese 170 (1):169 - 190.
Michael C. Jensen (2002). Value Maximization, Stakeholder Theory, and the Corporate Objective Function. Business Ethics Quarterly 12 (2):235-256.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads106 ( #12,583 of 1,410,227 )
Recent downloads (6 months)9 ( #23,877 of 1,410,227 )
How can I increase my downloads?