Buckets of water and waves of space: Why spacetime is probably a substance

Philosophy of Science 60 (2):183-203 (1993)
This paper sketches a taxonomy of forms of substantivalism and relationism concerning space and time, and of the traditional arguments for these positions. Several natural sorts of relationism are able to account for Newton's bucket experiment. Conversely, appropriately constructed substantivalism can survive Leibniz's critique, a fact which has been obscured by the conflation of two of Leibniz's arguments. The form of relationism appropriate to the Special Theory of Relativity is also able to evade the problems raised by Field. I survey the effect of the General Theory of Relativity and of plenism on these considerations
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DOI 10.1086/289728
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Jonathan Schaffer (2009). Spacetime the One Substance. Philosophical Studies 145 (1):131 - 148.
Theodore Sider (2006). Bare Particulars. Philosophical Perspectives 20 (1):387–397.
Edward Slowik (2005). Spacetime, Ontology, and Structural Realism. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 19 (2):147 – 166.
Shamik Dasgupta (2011). The Bare Necessities. Philosophical Perspectives 25 (1):115-160.

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