David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Zygon 44 (4):807-824 (2009)
Chakras are a basic concept of yoga but typically are ignored by scientific research on yoga, probably because descriptions of chakras can appear like a fanciful mythology. Chakras are commonly considered to be centers of concentrated metaphysical energy. Although clear physiological effects exist for yoga practices, no explanation of how chakras influence physiological function has been broadly accepted either in the scientific community or among yoga scholars. This problem is exacerbated by the fact that yoga is based on subjective experience, and practitioners often shun objective descriptions. This essay builds on earlier work hypothesizing that intercellular gap junction connections provide a physiological mechanism underlying subtle energy systems described in yoga as well as other disciplines such as acupuncture. Three physical aspects of chakras are distinguished that are integrated through gap junction mechanisms and are proposed to have arisen during embryological development. Furthermore, electrical conductance associated with a high concentration of gap junctions could generate phenomena that, when subjectively experienced, have the radiant qualities attributed to chakras. This theory provides a scientific rationale for previously unexplained details of chakra theory and offers a new orientation to conceptualizing and studying such subjective phenomena.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Antonio R. Damasio (1999). The Feeling of What Happens: Body and Emotion in the Making of Consciousness. Harcourt Brace and Co.
James H. Austin (1998). Zen and the Brain: Toward an Understanding of Meditation and Consciousness. MIT Press.
A. Dietrich (2003). Functional Neuroanatomy of Altered States of Consciousness: The Transient Hypofrontality Hypothesis. Consciousness and Cognition 12 (2):231-256.
Eugene G. D'Aquili & Andrew B. Newberg (2000). The Neuropsychology of Aesthetic, Spiritual, and Mystical States. Zygon 35 (1):39-51.
Citations of this work BETA
Eric R. Dorman (2011). Hinduism and Science: The State of the South Asian Science and Religion Discourse. Zygon 46 (3):593-619.
Willem B. Drees (2011). Informed Intellect and Integrity. Zygon 46 (2):261-264.
Willem B. Drees (2013). Rich Religion and Science: AsIan Religions, Ian Barbour, and Much Else. Zygon 48 (4):853-858.
Similar books and articles
Satya Prakash Singh (ed.) (2010). History of Yoga. Distributed by Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers.
Swami Narayanananda (1970). The Primal Power in Man. Rishikesh,U.P., Narayanananda Universal Yoga Trust.
Ernest Wood (1954). Great Systems of Yoga. New York, Philosophical Library.
W. Y. Evans-Wentz (1968). Tibetan Yoga and Secret Doctrines. New York [Etc.],Oxford U.P..
K. T. Behanan (1937/2001). Yoga: Its Scientific Basis. Dover Publications.
Surendranath Dasgupta (1924/2002). Yoga as Philosophy and Religion. Dover Publications.
Edwin F. Bryant (2009). The Yoga Sūtras of Patañjali: A New Edition, Translation, and Commentary with Insights From the Traditional Commentators. North Point Press.
Singh Grewal (1937). Complete Yoga. Santa Barbara, Calif..
Peter Rendel (1974). Introduction to the Chakras. Aquarian Press.
John George Woodroffe (ed.) (1974). The Serpent Power. New York,Dover Publications.
Added to index2009-11-26
Total downloads64 ( #66,136 of 1,796,591 )
Recent downloads (6 months)16 ( #44,462 of 1,796,591 )
How can I increase my downloads?