David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophical Studies 135 (1):111 - 121 (2007)
Cynthia Freeland’s investigation of four kinds of ‘fidelity’ in portraiture is cut across by more general philosophical concerns. One is about what might be called the expression of persons--the persons or ‘inner selves’ of portrait subjects and of portrait artist: whether either is possible across each of the four kinds of fidelity, and whether these two kinds of expression are in tension. More fundamental is the problem of telling how self-expression is at all possible in any of these forms. Finally, she wonders how photography affects all these questions. This comment addresses portraiture not so much in terms of the four fidelities, but with another quartet of concepts: four ordinary types of ‘display’, in terms of which we see how artists’ self-expression is possible in all these forms, also including photography. Its key idea is that portraits are displays simply by being pictures or sculptures, which are kinds of artifacts, hence things that we perceive as having intentional affordance: that is, as being intentionally made ‘for’ something.
|Keywords||Portrait Artifact Display Self-expression Intentional affordances Visual art|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Patrick Maynard (1997). The Engine of Visualization: Thinking Through Photography. Cornell University Press.
Roger Scruton (1981). Photography and Representation. Critical Inquiry (3):577.
M. Tomasello (1999). The Cultural Origins of Human Cognition. Harvard University Press.
Kendall L. Walton (1990). Mimesis as Make-Believe: On the Foundations of the Representational Arts. Harvard University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
J. M. C. Toynbeb (1961). G. M. A. Rcichter: Greek Portraits, Iii: How Were Likenesses Transmitted in Ancient Times? Small Portraits and Near-Portraits in Terracotta, Greek and Roman. (Collection Latomus, Xlviii.) Pp. 60; 50 Plates. Brussels: Latomus, 1960. Paper, 150 B.Fr. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 11 (03):310-311.
Re'em Segev (2008). Freedom of Expression: Justifications & Restrictions. Israel Democracy Institute.
H. J. McCloskey (1970). Liberty of Expression its Grounds and Limits (I). Inquiry 13 (1-4):219 – 237.
Karen L. Schmidt (2002). The Evolutionarily Novel Context of Clinical Caregiving and Facial Displays of Pain. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (4):471-472.
Daniel Palmer (2011). In Naked Repose. Angelaki 16 (1):111 - 128.
Steve Pyke (1995). Philosophers. Zelda Cheatle Press.
Hunter Mcewan (2011). Narrative Reflection in the Philosophy of Teaching: Genealogies and Portraits. Journal of Philosophy of Education 45 (1):125-140.
Cynthia A. Freeland (2010). Portraits and Persons: A Philosophical Inquiry. Oxford University Press.
Cynthia Freeland (2007). Portraits in Painting and Photography. Philosophical Studies 135 (1):95 - 109.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads52 ( #38,746 of 1,692,506 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #181,267 of 1,692,506 )
How can I increase my downloads?