David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Oxford University Press (2011)
Our self-understanding as human agents includes a commitment to three crucial claims about human agency: that agents must be active, that actions are part of the natural order of the universe, and that intentional actions can be explained by the agent's reasons for acting. While all of these claims are indispensable elements of our view of ourselves as human agents, they are in continuous conflict and tension with one another, especially once one adopts the currently predominant view of what the natural order must be like. One of the central tasks of philosophy of action consists in showing how, despite appearances, these conflicts can be resolved and our self-understanding as agents be vindicated. The mainstream of contemporary philosophy of action holds that this task can only be fulfilled by an event-causal reductive view of human agency, paradigmatically embodied in the so-called 'standard model' developed by Donald Davidson. Erasmus Mayr, in contrast, develops a new agent-causal solution to these conflicts and shows why this solution is superior both to event-causalist accounts and to Von Wright's intentionalism about agency. He offers a comprehensive theory of substance-causation on the basis of a realist conception of powers, which allows one to see how the widespread rejection of agent-causation rests on an unfounded 'Humean' view of nature and of causal processes. At the same time, Mayr addresses the question of the nature of reasons for acting and complements its substance-causal account of activity with a non-causal account of acting for reasons in terms of following a standard of success.
|Keywords||Agent (Philosophy Act (Philosophy|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Buy the book||$67.32 new (21% off) $74.17 used (13% off) $76.50 direct from Amazon (10% off) Amazon page|
|Call number||BD450.M341 2011|
|Through your library||Configure|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Alec Hinshelwood (2013). Winner of the Philosophical Explorations Essay Prize 2013: The Relations Between Agency, Identification, and Alienation. Philosophical Explorations 16 (3):243 - 258.
Similar books and articles
Markus E. Schlosser (2008). Agent-Causation and Agential Control. Philosophical Explorations 11 (1):3-21.
Timothy O'Connor (1995). Agent Causation. In , Agents, Causes, and Events: Essays on Indeterminism and Free Will. Oxford University Press. 61-79.
Timothy O'Connor & John Ross Churchill (2004). Reasons Explanation and Agent Control: In Search of an Integrated Account. Philosophical Topics 32 (1):241.
Rebekah L. H. Rice (2011). Agent Causation and Acting for Reasons. American Philosophical Quarterly 48 (4):333-346.
Lynne Rudder Baker (2011). First-Personal Aspects of Agency. Metaphilosophy 42 (1-2):1-16.
Markus E. Schlosser (2007). The Metaphysics of Agency. Dissertation, St. Andrews
Timothy O'Connor (2001). Dualist and Agent-Causal Theories. In Robert H. Kane (ed.), Oxford Handbook on Free Will. Oup.
Berent Enc (2006). How We Act: Causes, Reasons, and Intentions. Clarendon Press.
John Bishop (1990). Natural Agency: An Essay on the Causal Theory of Action. Cambridge University Press.
Thomas Talbott (2009). God, Freedom, and Human Agency. Faith and Philosophy 26 (4):378-397.
Joshua M. Wood (2014). Hume and the Metaphysics of Agency. Journal of the History of Philosophy 52 (1):87-112.
Ezio Di Nucci (2008). Mind Out of Action. Dissertation, University of Edinburgh
Beth Huffer (2007). Actions and Outcomes: Two Aspects of Agency. Synthese 157 (2):241 - 265.
James Lenman (2008). Actions, Motives and Causes. [REVIEW] Philosophical Quarterly 58 (231):353–362.
Added to index2012-02-23
Total downloads31 ( #47,424 of 1,088,810 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #24,213 of 1,088,810 )
How can I increase my downloads?