David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 17 (4):1192-1208 (2008)
Previous research demonstrates that implicitly learned probability information can guide visual attention. We examined whether the probability of an object changing can be implicitly learned and then used to improve change detection performance. In a series of six experiments, participants completed 120–130 training change detection trials. In four of the experiments the object that changed color was the same shape on every trial. Participants were not explicitly aware of this change probability manipulation and change detection performance was not improved for the trained shape versus untrained shapes. In two of the experiments, the object that changed color was always in the same general location . Although participants were not explicitly aware of the change probability, implicit knowledge of it did improve change detection performance in the trained location. These results indicate that improved change detection performance through implicitly learned change probability occurs for location but not shape
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Anne Treisman (1980). A Feature Integration Theory of Attention. Cognitive Psychology 12:97-136.
Daniel J. Simons & Ronald A. Rensink (2005). Change Blindness: Past, Present, and Future. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (1):16-20.
Ronald A. Rensink, J. Kevin O'Regan & James J. Clark (1997). To See or Not to See: The Need for Attention to Perceive Changes in Scenes. Psychological Science 8:368-373.
Brian Scholl (2001). Objects and Attention: The State of the Art. Cognition 80 (1-2):1-46.
Natasha Z. Kirkham, Jonathan A. Slemmer & Scott P. Johnson (2002). Visual Statistical Learning in Infancy: Evidence for a Domain General Learning Mechanism. Cognition 83 (2):B35-B42.
Citations of this work BETA
Amanda E. van Lamsweerde & Melissa R. Beck (2011). The Change Probability Effect: Incidental Learning, Adaptability, and Shared Visual Working Memory Resources. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1676-1689.
Similar books and articles
Melissa R. Beck, Daniel T. Levin & Bonnie L. Angelone (2007). Metacognitive Errors in Change Detection: Lab and Life Converge. Consciousness and Cognition 16 (1):58-62.
Ronald A. Rensink (2002). Change Detection. Philosophical Explorations 53:245-277.
Melissa R. Beck, Daniel T. Levin & Bonnie L. Angelone (2007). Change Blindness Blindness: Beliefs About the Roles of Intention and Scene Complexity in Change Detection. Consciousness and Cognition 16 (1):31-51.
Ian Thornton & Diego Fernandez-Duque (2000). An Implicit Measure of Undetected Change. Spatial Vision 14 (1):21-44.
Eyal M. Reingold & Jiye Shen (2001). Investigating the Visual Span in Comparative Search: The Effects of Task Difficulty and Divided Attention. Cognition 81 (2):57-67.
Mika Koivisto & Antti Revonsuo (2003). An ERP Study of Change Detection, Change Blindness, and Visual Awareness. Psychophysiology 40 (3):423-429.
Diego Fernandez-Duque & Ian Thornton (2000). Change Detection Without Awareness: Do Explicit Reports Underestimate the Representation of Change in the Visual System? Visual Cognition 7 (1):323-344.
Arnaud Destrebecqz & Axel Cleeremans (2001). Can Sequence Learning Be Implicit? New Evidence with the Process Dissociation Procedure. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review 8 (2):343-350.
T. Lambert (2003). Visual Orienting, Learning and Conscious Awareness. In Luis Jimenez (ed.), Attention and Implicit Learning. John Benjamins
Scott A. Peterson & Tanja N. Gibson (2011). Implicit Attentional Orienting in a Target Detection Task with Central Cues. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1532-1547.
Daniel Smilek, John D. Eastwood, Michael G. Reynolds & Alan Kingstone (2007). Metacognitive Errors in Change Detection: Missing the Gap Between Lab and Life. Consciousness and Cognition 16 (1):52-57.
Daniel T. Levin, Nausheen Momen, Sarah B. Drivdahl & Daniel J. Simons (2000). Change Blindness Blindness: The Metacognitive Error of Overestimating Change-Detection Ability. Visual Cognition 7 (1):397-412.
Daniel T. Levin, Sarah B. Drivdahl, Nausheen Momen & Melissa R. Beck (2002). False Predictions About the Detectability of Visual Changes: The Role of Beliefs About Attention, Memory, and the Continuity of Attended Objects in Causing Change Blindness Blindness. Consciousness and Cognition 11 (4):507-527.
Added to index2010-08-24
Total downloads14 ( #240,060 of 1,790,147 )
Recent downloads (6 months)11 ( #75,613 of 1,790,147 )
How can I increase my downloads?