David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Consciousness and Cognition 17 (1):145-158 (2008)
Based on structural differences between spoken and written language, the purpose of this paper was to investigate whether spoken and written communication imply a different representation in reporting an experienced dream. In fact, the clausal-dynamic quality of the former and nominal-synoptic quality of the latter, with the consequent differences in length, cohesion and density, could enhance/reduce the perceptual character and narrative structure of report features often considered in order to assess sleep mentation. In particular, we wondered whether, after eliminating all the elements responsible for the more conspicuous quantitative differences across the two forms , we would obtain two equivalent ways of reporting dreams. Three hundred and two subjects, raging in age from 18 to 40 years, participated as volunteers in the study and were asked to complete a dream diary daily for 14 days, by tape-recording their own dreams and putting them down in writing. The reports were analyzed by a psycholinguistic system. Results indicated that the report modality is able to affect the dream experience representation, conditioning the figurative translation carried out by the tester: written forms show a loss of hallucinatory information and a non-complete correspondence also of the bizarreness features with respect to the spoken texts. Partialling out for length eliminated any difference between spoken and written dream reports on bizarreness; on the other hand, controlling the sequence effect of the report did not introduce changes. Methodological and theoretical implications were discussed
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References found in this work BETA
J. Allan Hobson, Edward F. Pace-Schott & Robert Stickgold (2000). Dreaming and the Brain: Toward a Cognitive Neuroscience of Conscious States. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):793-842; 904-1018; 1083-1121.
David Kahn & J. Allan Hobson (2005). State-Dependent Thinking: A Comparison of Waking and Dreaming Thought. Consciousness and Cognition 14 (3):429-438.
J. Allan Hobson & Edward F. Pace-Schott (2002). The Cognitive Neuroscience of Sleep: Neuronal Systems, Consciousness and Learning. Nature Reviews Neuroscience 3:679-93.
J. Montangero (2003). Completeness and Accuracy of Morning Reports After a Recall Cue: Comparison of Dream and Film Reports. Consciousness and Cognition 12 (1):49-62.
Citations of this work BETA
Marie-Thérèse Saurat, Maité Agbakou, Patricia Attigui, Jean-Louis Golmard & Isabelle Arnulf (2011). Walking Dreams in Congenital and Acquired Paraplegia. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1425-1432.
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