A comparison of conscious and automatic memory processes for picture and word stimuli: A process dissocation analysis
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 11 (3):423-460 (2002)
Four experiments were conducted to evaluate explanations of picture superiority effects previously found for several tasks. In a process dissociation procedure with word stem completion, picture fragment completion, and category production tasks, conscious and automatic memory processes were compared for studied pictures and words with an independent retrieval model and a generate-source model. The predictions of a transfer appropriate processing account of picture superiority were tested and validated in “process pure” latent measures of conscious and unconscious, or automatic and source, memory processes. Results from both model fits verified that pictures had a conceptual processing advantage over words for all tasks. The effects of perceptual compatibility depended on task type, with pictorial tasks favoring pictures and linguistic tasks favoring words. Results show support for an explanation of the picture superiority effect that involves an interaction of encoding and retrieval processes
|Keywords||*Consciousness States *Human Information Storage *Memory *Pictorial Stimuli *Words (Phonetic Units) Dissociation Explicit Memory Linguistics Recall (Learning) Word Recognition|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Larry L. Jacoby (1991). A Process Dissociation Framework: Separating Automatic From Intentional Uses of Memory. Journal of Memory and Language 30:513-41.
Larry L. Jacoby, J. P. Toth & Andrew P. Yonelinas (1993). Separating Conscious and Unconscious Influences of Memory: Measuring Recollection. Journal of Experimental Psychology 122 (2):139-54.
A. Buchner, E. Erdfelder & B. Vaterrodt-Plunnecke (1995). Toward Unbiased Measurement of Conscious and Unconscious Memory Processes Within the Process Dissociation Framework. Journal of Experimental Psychology 124 (2):137-60.
Jeffrey Toth, Eyal M. Reingold & Larry Jacoby (1994). Toward a Redefinition of Implicit Memory: Process Dissociations Following Elaborative Processing and Self-Generation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 20 (2):290-303.
S. Joordens & Philip M. Merikle (1993). Independence or Redundancy? Two Models of Conscious and Unconscious Influences. Journal of Experimental Psychology 122 (4):462-67.
Citations of this work BETA
Renita Coleman & Lesa Hatley Major (2014). Ethical Health Communication: A Content Analysis of Predominant Frames and Primes in Public Service Announcements. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 29 (2):91-107.
Similar books and articles
Richard F. Thompson & Stephen A. Madigan (2005). Memory: The Key to Consciousness. Princeton University Press.
J. Allik (2000). Available and Accessible Information in Memory and Vision. In Endel Tulving (ed.), Memory, Consciousness, and the Brain: The Tallinn Conference. Psychology Press/Taylor & Francis
René Zeelenberg, Gijs Plomp & Jeroen G. W. Raaijmakers (2003). Can False Memories Be Created Through Nonconscious Processes? Consciousness and Cognition 12 (3):403-412.
Stanislas Dehaene (2005). Imaging Conscious and Subliminal Word Processing. In Ulrich Mayr, Edward Awh & Steven W. Keele (eds.), Developing Individuality in the Human Brain: A Tribute to Michael I. Posner. American Psychological Association 65-86.
Ira Konstantinou & John M. Gardiner (2005). Conscious Control and Memory Awareness When Recognising Famous Faces. Memory 13 (5):449-457.
Dawn M. McBride (2007). Methods for Measuring Conscious and Automatic Memory: A Brief Review. Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (1):198-215.
Celia B. Harris, Paul Keil, John Sutton, Amanda Barnier & Doris McIlwain (2011). We Remember, We Forget: Collaborative Remembering in Older Couples. Discourse Processes 48 (4):267-303.
Max Velmans (1991). Is Human Information Processing Conscious? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (4):651-69.
Andrew P. Yonelinas (2001). Consciousness, Control, and Confidence: The 3 Cs of Recognition Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 130 (3):361-379.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads18 ( #150,757 of 1,725,441 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #134,582 of 1,725,441 )
How can I increase my downloads?